Peculiarities of Heavy Metals Accumulation by the Plants of Meadow Phytocenosis


This work is devoted to studying of the accumulation peculiarities of heavy metals (HM) by the meadow phytocenosis plants and also plants phytomeliotating properties at various levels of soil contamination. The system “cespitose-podsol soil – meadow vegetation” has been chosen as a research object. Heavy metals as a kind of industrial waste-galvanic slurry enriched by zinc amounting 79.7% of all HM detected in the slurry-was introduced into the soil. Heavy metals content and redistribution in soil at various amount of galvanic slurry, quantitative and specific content of phytocenosis, heavy metals accumulation in the meadow vegetation crop at various contamination layers have been studied during research. Among the researched phytocenosis the groups of plants with high and low heavy metals accumulation capacity have been defined. Cirsium arvense, Capsella bursapastoris, Artemisia vulgarus and Rumex confertus belonged to the group accumulating several heavy metals in considerable amounts without significant phytomass loss. The majority of these plants possess developed phytomass and their ability to accumulate heavy metals in large amount allows using them as phytomeliorants for soil decontamination at the final stages of reclaiming.

Share and Cite:

Т. Trifonova and E. Alkhutova, "Peculiarities of Heavy Metals Accumulation by the Plants of Meadow Phytocenosis," Open Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2012, pp. 275-281. doi: 10.4236/ojss.2012.23033.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] L. A. Shirkin, T. A. Trifonova, N. V. Selivanova and D. A. Gruzdkov, “The Heavy Metals Migration from Industrial Wastes in Soils,” The International Conference on Soils Urban Industrial, Traffic and Mining Areas, Nanjing, 2007, pp. 18-27.
[2] G. V. Dobrovolsky, “Soil Degradation and Protection,” MSU PH, Moscow, 2002.
[3] N. Е. Kosheleva, N. S. Kasimov and О. А. Samonova, “Regressive Models of Heavy Metals Behavior in Soil of Smolensk-Moscow Upland,” Soil study, Vol. 35, No. 8, 2002, pp. 954-966.
[4] V. V. Dobrovolsky, “Humic Acids Role in Migration Formation of Heavy Metals Mass Flows,” Soil science, No. 1, 2004, pp. 32-40.
[5] Е. V. Prokopovitch and S. Y. Kaygorodova, “Humus Soil Condition Transformation under the Impact of Emission of Sredneuralsky Copper Smelting Plant,” Ecology, No. 5, 1999, pp. 375-378.
[6] S. I. Kolesnikov, K. Sh. Kazeev and V. F. Valkov, “Soil Ecologic Condition and Function under the Condition of Chemical Contamination,” PH Rostov University, Rostovon-Don, 2006.
[7] R. V. Galiulin and R. A. Galiulina, “Enzymatic Indication of Soil Contamination Buy Heavy Metals,” Agrochemistry, No. 11, 2006, pp. 84-95.
[8] S. V. Lukin, Y. V. Miroshnikova and P. V. Avramenko, “Monitoring of Heavy Metals Condition in Belgorod District,” Agrochemistry, No. 8, 2002, pp. 86-91.
[9] G. V. Motuzova and О. S. Bezuglova, “Soil Ecologic Monitoring,” Academic project, Gaudeamus, Moscow, 2007.
[10] Y. E. Saet, “Environmental Geochemistry,” Nedra, Moscow,1990.
[11] I. N. Ovchinnikova and V. D. Vasilevskaya, “Soil Contamination Risk Assessment Based on Critical Load,” Problems of Regional Ecology, No. 6, 2003, pp. 15-22.
[12] E. L. Vorobeychik and E. V. Khantemirova, “Forest Phytocoenosis Reaction for Anthropogenis Pollution: Share-Effect Dependence,” Ecology, No. 3, 1994, pp. 31-43.
[13] D. Saurbeck, “Welche Schwermetallgehalte in Pflanzen Dürfen Nicht überschritten Werden, um Wachstumsbeeintr?chtigungen zu Vermeiden?” Landwirtschaftliche Forschung: Kongressband, No. 16, 1982, pp. 59-72.
[14] N. P. Bityutsky, “Required Microelements for the Plants,” PH DEAN, St.-Petersburg, 2005.
[15] A. Cottenie, A. Dhaese and R. Camerlynck, “Plant Quality Response to the Uptake of Polluting Elements,” Qualitas Plantarum, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1976, pp. 293-319. doi:10.1007/BF01268209
[16] А. L. Kovalevsky, “Biogeochemistry,” Science, Siberian Department, Novosibirsk, 1991.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.