Biofilm Formation by Streptococcus mutans and Related Bacteria


Caries is a disease of human dentition characterized by the loss of mineralized surfaces of the tooth; it is an infectious disease of the oral cavity in which biofilms play a causative role. Control of biofilms has traditionally relied on non-specific removal of plaque by mechanical means such as brushing, although it is difficult to remove biofilms by this method. Caries is also a widespread infection in children. Streptococcus mutans and S. sobrinus are important causative agents of caries. They produce a homologous exocellular polysaccharide called glucan, which strongly adheres to the enamel surface. This is a review of oral microbial biofilm formation by S. mutans and other related bacteria.

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J. Nishimura, T. Saito, H. Yoneyama, L. Lan Bai, K. Okumura and E. Isogai, "Biofilm Formation by Streptococcus mutans and Related Bacteria," Advances in Microbiology, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2012, pp. 208-215. doi: 10.4236/aim.2012.23025.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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