Prevalence of viral HBV and HCV among different group patients in Gujrat Pakistan


In this study we analyzed blood samples collected from 400 high risk patients for the prevalence of an inflammatory viral disease hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) with the help of standard kit assay and Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). All the samples were selected randomly from the various places of District Gujrat, Pakistan. All the selected cases were first divided into four groups according to the age and sex (Group 1, Male below age 35 years; Group 2, Male above age 35 years; Group 3, Female below age 35 years; Group 4, Female above age 35 years), each group was comprised of 100 individual patients and analyzed for different parameters for the presence of HBV and HCV in comparison with positive and negative controls. The prevalence of HBV and HCV was higher in groups 2 (22%) and 4 (39%) respectively. Assay profile revealed that the incidence of HCV was higher in female patients as compare to the male patients. The present study indicates that more than 60% of the cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in the Region is attributable to hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.

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Irshad, M. , Raza, M. , Anwar, Z. , Ikram, N. , Afroz, A. and Iqbal, H. (2012) Prevalence of viral HBV and HCV among different group patients in Gujrat Pakistan. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 3, 423-436. doi: 10.4236/abb.2012.324060.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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