Sonochemical Coating of Ag-TiO2 Nanoparticles on Textile Fabrics for Stain Repellency and Self-Cleaning- The Indian Scenario: A Review


Surface modification is an important element of textile manufacturing. The final properties of a textile material are critical in determining how they perform for their given end use. More recently, botany and nanotechnology have united to explore not only the beauty and cleanliness of the leaf, but also its lack of contamination and bacteria, despite its dwelling in dirty ponds. On the basis of lotus leaf concept scientist developed a new concept “Self cleaning textile” the textile surface which can be cleaned itself without using any laundering action. In this paper, the role of silver- Titania nanoparticles synthesized and deposited on different types of fabrics using ultrasound irradiation under an atmosphere of argon gas and decreasing both the cavitational threshold and intensity of ultrasound power has been reviewed. The excellent antibacterial activity of the Ag–Titania fabric composite against Escherichia coli (gram-negative) and Staphylococcus aureus (gram-positive) cultures also reviewed with reference to Indian scenario.

Share and Cite:

S. Samal, P. Jeyaraman and V. Vishwakarma, "Sonochemical Coating of Ag-TiO2 Nanoparticles on Textile Fabrics for Stain Repellency and Self-Cleaning- The Indian Scenario: A Review," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 9 No. 6, 2010, pp. 519-525. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.96036.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Russell, E., Nanotechnologies and the shrinking world of textiles, Textile Horizons, 2002. 9/10: p. 7-9.
[2] Cramer, Dean, R., Ponomarenko, Anatolyevna E., Laurent, S., and Burckett, J.C.T.R., Method of applying nanoparticles, U.S. Pat. No: 6,645,569, 2003
[3] Anonymous, Small-scale technology with the promise of big rewards, Technical Textiles International, 2003. 3: p. 13-15.
[4] Xin, J.H., Daoud, W.A., and Kong, Y.Y., A New Approach to UV-Blocking Treatment for Cotton Fabrics, Textile Research Journal, 2004. 74: p. 97-100.
[5] Yeo, S.Y., Lee, H.J., and Jeong, S.H., Preparation of nanocomposite fibers for permanent antibacterial effect, Journal of Materials Science, 2003. 38: p. 2143-2147.
[6] NadanathangamVigneshwaran, Sampath Kumar, A A Kathe,P V Varadarajan and Virendra Prasad, Functional finishing of cotton fabrics usingzinc oxide–soluble starch nanocomposites, Nanotechnology 17(2006) 5087–5095
[7] S. Kathirvelu, Dr. Louis D’Souza and Bhaarathi Dhurai., A comparative study of multifunctional finishing of cotton and P/C blended fabrics treated with titanium dioxide/zinc oxide nanoparticles, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol.1 No 7 (Dec. 2008)
[8] Lei Qian, Juan P Hinestroza, Application of Nanotechnology for high performance textiles, Journal of textile and apparel, technology and management, Vol. No.4, Issue No.1 (Summer 2004)
[9] Vitalijus Janickis, Ingrida Ancutien, Modification of polyester textile by conductive copper sulfide layers, CHEMIJA. Vol. 20. No. 2. P. 136–140 (2009)

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.