In-vitro Studies of Artificially Removed Human Renal Stones in the Economic Age Group (30-40years)


Electrical and thermal conductivity studies play a vital role in the field of science and technology. According to the conductivity terms, materials can be classified in to good conductors, bad conductors, semiconductors and super conductors. In the free electron theory, electron only acts as carrier and carries its energy from one point to another point either natural or forced. In the present investigation, five renal stones are collected from the poor hard working males who are affected with mineral deposition in the urinary tracts. The stones are collected from the hospital by Lithotropic treatment process. Using two- probes method, the electrical conductivities are measured at different temperatures. The thermal conductivity and temperature coefficients are calculated. The results are reported and discussed.

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P. Sundaramoorthi, S. Kalainathan, G. Kanchana and R. Santhi, "In-vitro Studies of Artificially Removed Human Renal Stones in the Economic Age Group (30-40years)," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 6 No. 2, 2007, pp. 151-167. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2007.62013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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