High Blood Pressure and Its Correlates among Assistant Physical Education Teachers in Republic of Benin (West Africa)
Polycarpe Gouthon, Barnabe Akplogan, Jean-Marie Falola, Houndjovi Pierre Dansou, Hippolyte Agboton, Solange Adegnika, Issiako Bio Nigan
Cardiology Department of the National Universitary Hospital of Cotonou (Benin), Unity of Formation and Research in Cardiology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Abomey-Calavi (Benin), Porto-Novo, Republic of Benin.
Laboratory of Biomechanics and Performance (LABIOP), National Institute of Youth, Physical Education and Sport (INJEPS), University of Abomey-Calavi (Benin), Porto-Novo, Republic of Benin.
Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, National Institute of Youth, Physical Education and Sport (INJEPS), University of Abomey-Calavi (Benin), Porto-Novo, Republic of Benin.
Laboratory of PSA and Motricity, National Institute of Youth, Physical Education and Sport (INJEPS), University of Abomey-Calavi (Benin), Porto-Novo, Republic of Benin.
DOI: 10.4236/ape.2012.22011   PDF    HTML     4,290 Downloads   8,163 Views   Citations


Objective: This cross-sectional study carried out in Republic of Benin, aimed at assessing the relation between high blood pressure (HBP) and its correlates in an exhaustive sample of 123 Assistant physical education teachers (APE teachers), enrolled in a two-year in-service training. Methods: These teachers have been interviewed and clinically tested. The lifestyle, blood pressure, three indexes of adiposity, blood lipids, white blood cells and neutrophils counts and plasma C-reactive protein were the main study variables. Results: HBP was present in 34.1% of the teachers. The three main factors associated to HBP, that had the higher rates were neck circumference (78.3%), the biological index of atherogenicity (72.2%), and waist circumference (44.2%). Neck circumference was the most relevant modifiable variable to explaining HBP in this group (OR = 3.14; 95% IC: 1.09 - 9.00; p = 0.033). Conclusions: The teachers studied must keep on exercising as early as their primary training comes to an end. Doing so, they could avoid overweight and reduce the risk of hypertension.

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Gouthon, P. , Akplogan, B. , Falola, J. , Dansou, H. , Agboton, H. , Adegnika, S. and Nigan, I. (2012) High Blood Pressure and Its Correlates among Assistant Physical Education Teachers in Republic of Benin (West Africa). Advances in Physical Education, 2, 61-67. doi: 10.4236/ape.2012.22011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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