The role of furniture in exposure to non-ionizing radiation in a residential apartment


This article concerns the sources of non-ionizing radiation in a normal inhabited environment. Measurements show that residents are exposed to non-ionizing radiation in levels both below and above the European normative. Excess is present due to the fact that, producers of electronic equipment and appliances, those who use them, as well as those involved in the construction of housing, have insufficient acquaintance with non-ionizing radiation. Producers are advised to increase the coefficient of safety towards non-ionizing radiation by renewing technology. Users are advised to operate apparatus with the lowest possible power, to minimise time exposed to sources, to maximise the distance from them and to renew their appliances. Construction workers should take non-ionizing radiation more into consideration when furnishing of houses.

Share and Cite:

Bilero, V. (2012) The role of furniture in exposure to non-ionizing radiation in a residential apartment. Natural Science, 4, 258-263. doi: 10.4236/ns.2012.44037.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Griffiths, D.J. (1989) Introduction to electrodynamics. 2nd Edition, Prentice-Hall, London.
[2] Krane, K. (1996) Modern physics. 2nd Edition, Oregon University, Eugene.
[3] Varocos, P. and Aleksandropullos, K. (1995) The physics of the solid body. Publishing House Savalla, Athin?.
[4] Llukas, M.H. (2011) Useful tips to minimize exposure to electromagnetic radiation from Luke. University of Athens, Athens.
[5] Non-Ionizing Radiation, January 2004,
[6] Ksanthi, P. and Konstandina, N. (2004) Application of computer techniques for the study of mobile phones and basic systems of this phone. Polytechnic University, Athens.
[7] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) (2006) standard C95.1-2005. Non-Ionizing radiation standards.
[8] ICNIRP. (1998) ICNIRP guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields (up to 300GHZ) ICNIRP standard. Health Physics, 74, 494-522.
[9] Mobile Telephone Communication Antennas and Health Effects. (2012).
[10] Official Journal of European Union (2004) Directive 2004/40/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004.

Copyright © 2024 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.