Dimethylformamide Dimethyl Acetal (DMFDMA) in Heterocyclic Synthesis: Synthesis of Polysubstituted Pyridines, Pyrimidines, Pyridazine and Their Fused Derivatives


Reaction of N,N’-dimethylformamide dimethyl acetal (DMFDMA) with malononitrile dimer 8 (1:1) mole afforded 9 while, this reaction when carried out in (2:1) mole to give amidine 11 which can be used for the preparation of pyrimidine 13, amidine 14 and pyridine 19 when reacted with 4-nitroaniline, 4-methylaniline and alkoxide respectively. Malononitrile dimer reacted with diazonium chloride to give pyridazine 21, which can be reacted with DMFDMA, AcOH/HCl and cyanoacetamide to give pyridazine 22, 23 and pyrido[4,3-c] pyridazine 24 respectively. The latter reacted with DMFDMA to afford tricyclic compound 25.

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F. Abu-Shanab, S. Mousa, E. Eshak, A. Sayed and A. Al-Harrasi, "Dimethylformamide Dimethyl Acetal (DMFDMA) in Heterocyclic Synthesis: Synthesis of Polysubstituted Pyridines, Pyrimidines, Pyridazine and Their Fused Derivatives," International Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 1 No. 4, 2011, pp. 207-214. doi: 10.4236/ijoc.2011.14030.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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