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Xeroderma Pigmentosum with Desquamative Gingivitis a Rare Case Report and Detailed Review of Literature

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DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2011.14025    4,600 Downloads   8,534 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In xeroderma pigmentosum, a rare genodermatosis, transmitted as an autosomal recessive disorder, excessive solar damage to the skin develops at an early age. The disease is characterized by cutaneous, ocular, neurological and oral changes. Oral features in the form of early development of Squamous cell carcinoma, usually at the lower lip and tip of the tongue may be seen. The disorder is associated more commonly in populations where marriage of close blood relatives is common. Treatment of the disorder includes avoidance of Ultra violet radiation, topical application of 5 fluorouracil to treat actinic keratoses, and regular evaluation by an optholmologist, dermatologist, and neurologist. Genetic counseling is an important aspect as an increased incidence of consanguineous marriages have been reported with this disorder. Here, we report an interesting case of xeroderma pigmentosum in an 18 year old male patient who presented with characterstic desquamation of gingiva, fissured tongue and geoghraphic tongue.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Hasan and M. Khan, "Xeroderma Pigmentosum with Desquamative Gingivitis a Rare Case Report and Detailed Review of Literature," Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, Vol. 1 No. 4, 2011, pp. 164-170. doi: 10.4236/jcdsa.2011.14025.

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