Role of Metallic Nanofillers on Mechanical and Tribological Behaviour of Carbon Fabric Reinforced Epoxy Composites

DOI: 10.4236/msa.2018.99054   PDF   HTML   XML   484 Downloads   890 Views   Citations

Abstract

In this study, hybrid composites based on carbon fabric and epoxy (C/Ep) were fabricated by hand lay-up method followed by compression moulding. The C/Ep with optimum carbon fiber (60 wt%) was chosen as a reference material, and to it, the metallic nanoparticles like aluminum (Al) and zinc (Zn) of different wt% (0.5 and 1.0) were included as secondary fillers. To understand the synergism effect of these hybrid reinforcements, mechanical properties and tribological behavior of composites were studied. From the test results, it was proved that hybridization improved the mechanical and tribological properties. The C/Ep consisting of 0.5 wt% Zn and Al showed higher tensile properties in comparison with all other fabricated composites. Increase in flexural strength and flexural modulus also observed as the filler content increased in C/Ep composite. Higher impact strength is noted at 1 wt% Zn filled C/Ep composite. Wear test data revealed that 0.5 wt% Zn in C/Ep has got superior wear resistance. Wear mechanisms were discussed using scanning electron micrographs of selected worn surfaces of the composites.

Share and Cite:

Divya, G. and Suresha, B. (2018) Role of Metallic Nanofillers on Mechanical and Tribological Behaviour of Carbon Fabric Reinforced Epoxy Composites. Materials Sciences and Applications, 9, 740-750. doi: 10.4236/msa.2018.99054.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Bryan, R.N. (1974) Engineering Applications of Composites: Composite Materials. Academic Press Inc. Ltd., New York.
[2] Chawla, K.K. (1998) Carbon Fiber Composites. In: Composite Materials, Springer, New York.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-2966-5_8
[3] Park, S.J. and Kim, B.J. (2015) Carbon Fibers and Their Composites. Material Science, 210, 275-317.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9478-7_8
[4] Ruland, W. (1990) Carbon Fibers. Advanced Materials, 2, 528-553.
https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.19900021104
[5] Jhou, H., Attard, T.L., Dhiradhamvit, K., Wang, Y. and Erdman, D. (2015) Crashworthiness Characteristics of a Carbon Fiber Reinforced Dual-Phase Epoxy-Polyurea Hybrid Matrix Composite. Composites Part B: Engineering, 71, 17-27.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2014.10.053
[6] Kim, K.W., Kim, D.K., Kim, B.S., An, K., Park, S.J. and Rhee, K.Y. (2017) Cure Behaviors and Mechanical Properties of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Nylon6/Epoxy Blended Matrix Composites. Composite Part B: Engineering, 112, 15-21.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2016.12.009
[7] Ricciardi, M.R., Papa, I., Langella, A., Langella, T., Lopresto, V. and Antonucci, V. (2018) Mechanical Properties of Glass Fibre Composites Based on Nitrile Rubber Toughened Modified Epoxy Resin. Composites Part B: Engineering, 139, 259-267.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.11.056
[8] Gao, G.F. and Li, Y.C. (2016) Mechanical Properties of Woven Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites. Emerging Materials Research, 5, 201-208.
https://doi.org/10.1680/jemmr.16.00018
[9] Aniskevich, K., Aniskevich, A., Arnautov, A. and Jansons, J. (2012) Mechanical Properties of Pultruded Glass Fiber-Reinforced Plastic after Moistening. Composite Structures, 94, 2914-2919.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2012.04.030
[10] Wazzan, A.A., Al-Turaif, H.A. and Daous, M.A. (2005) Influence of KOH Solution on the Tensile Strength and Chemical Stability of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Resin Composites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 96, 1682-1690.
https://doi.org/10.1002/app.21634
[11] Gao, B., Zhang, R.L., He, M.S., Wang, C.G., Liu, L., Zhao, L.F., Wenb, Z.-J. and Ding, Z.P. (2016) Interfacial Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Carbon Fiber Composites by Fiber Surface Modification with Poly(Amidoamine)/Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane. Composites, Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 90, 653-661.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2016.08.036
[12] Yang, J.S., Xiao, J.Y., Zeng, J.C., Bian, L.P., Peng, C.Y. and Yang, F.B. (2013) Matrix Modification with Silane Coupling Agent for Carbon Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composites. Fibers and Polymers, 14, 759-766.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-013-0759-2
[13] Dong, C.S., Sudarisman and Davies, I.J. (2013) Flexural Properties of E Glass and TR50S Carbon Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Hybrid Composites. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 22, 41-49.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-012-0247-7
[14] Hussain, M., Nakahira, A. and Niihara, K. (1996) Mechanical Property Improvement of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composites by Al2O3, Filler Dispersion. Materials Letters, 26, 185-191.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-577X(95)00224-3
[15] Suresha, B., Devarajaiah, R.M., Pasang, T. and Ranganathaiah, C. (2013) Investigation of Organo-Modified Montmorillonite Loading Effect on the Abrasion Resistance of Hybrid Composites. Materials & Design, 47, 750-758.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.12.056
[16] Rashmi, B., Renukappa, N.M., Suresha, B., Devarajaiah, R.M. and Shivakumar, K.N. (2011)Dry Sliding Wear Behaviour of Organo-Modified Montmorillonite Filled Epoxy Nanocomposites Using Taguchi’s Techniques. Materials and Design, 32, 4528-4536.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2011.03.028
[17] Suresha, B. and Shiva Kumar, K.N. (2009) Investigations on Mechanical and Two-Body Abrasive Wear Behavior of Glass/Carbon Fabric Reinforced Vinyl Ester Composites. Materials and Design, 30, 2056-2060.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2008.08.038
[18] Bheemappa, S., Chandramohan, G., Hatna, S. and Seetharamu, S. (2007) Three-Body Abrasive Wear Behaviour of Carbon and Glass Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composites. Materials Science and Engineering, 443, 285-291.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2006.09.016
[19] Su, F.-H., Zhang, Z.-Z. and Liu, W.-M. (2006) Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Carbon Fabric Composites Filled with Several Nano-Particulates. Wear, 260, 861-868.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2005.04.015
[20] Green, K.J., Dean, D.R., Vaidya, U.K. and Nyairo, E. (2009) Multiscale Fiber Reinforced Composites Based on a Carbon Nanofiber/Epoxy Nanophased Polymer Matrix: Synthesis, Mechanical, and Thermomechanical Behavior. Composite Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 40, 1470-1475.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2009.05.010
[21] Zhang, J., Deng, S., Wang, Y., Ye, L., Zhou, L. and Zhang, Z. (2013) Effect of Nanoparticles on Interfacial Properties of Carbon Fibre-Epoxy Composites. Composite Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 55, 35-44.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2013.08.005
[22] Bheemappa, S., Hatna, S., Kishore, Seetharamu, S. and Sampath Kumar, P. (2009) Investigations on the Influence of Graphite Filler on Dry Sliding Wear and Abrasive Wear Behaviour of Carbon Fabric Reinforced Epoxy Composites. Wear, 267, 1405-1414.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2009.01.026

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.