Role of constitutive nitric oxide synthase in regulation of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric mucosal cyclooxygenase-2 ac-tivation through S-nitrosylation: mechanism of ghrelin action
Bronislaw L. Slomiany, Amalia Slomiany
DOI: 10.4236/ojgas.2011.12003   PDF   HTML     3,717 Downloads   7,408 Views   Citations


Gastric mucosal inflammatory responses to H. pylori lipopolysaccharide (LPS), are characterized by the excessive NO and prostaglandin (PGE2) generation due to the disturbances in nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX) systems. Here, we report that the LPS-induced enhancement in gastric mucosal inducible (i) iNOS) activity and up-regulation in PGE2 production was associated with the suppression in Akt kinase activity and the impairment in constitutive (c) cNOS activation. The stimulatory effect of the LPS on PGE2 production, furthermore, was susceptible to suppression by COX-2 inhibitor, NS-398, and iNOS inhibitor, 1400 W. Further, we show that the countering effect of peptide hormone, ghrelin, on the LPS-induced changes was reflected in up-regu- lation in Akt activity and the increase in cNOS activation through phosphorylation, and accompanied by the suppression in iNOS expression and the reduction in COX-2 activity associated with the loss in COX-2 protein S-nitrosylation. Moreover, the effect of ghre-lin on the LPS-induced COX-2 S-nitrosylation was subject to repression by Akt inhibition. Our findings demonstrate that induction in iNOS with H. pylori in- fection leads to COX-2 activation through S-nitro- sylation and up-regulation in PGE2 generation, and that ghrelin counters these untoward consequences of the LPS through Akt-mediated up-regulation in cNO- S activation required for the iNOS gene repression.

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Slomiany, B. and Slomiany, A. (2011) Role of constitutive nitric oxide synthase in regulation of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric mucosal cyclooxygenase-2 ac-tivation through S-nitrosylation: mechanism of ghrelin action. Open Journal of Gastroenterology, 1, 13-22. doi: 10.4236/ojgas.2011.12003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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