expected by (…)” [see, among others, STS of 26-9-1992 (RJ 1992, 6816), and likewise STS of 17-3-1993 (RJ 1993, 1866). The Supreme Court commenced its change of course to what has ended up being its total acceptance of an intermediate doctrine, according to which such contracting was valid not on the basis of those assumed cases that given works or services constituted, but understood its valid admission as a resolution condition under the protection of Arts. 49.2 and 3 of the WS by understanding that any abuse by the businessperson would not be appreciable by introducing a clause that subordinates the contract to the maintenance of the contract or concession, an argument that is also noted and allowed by some authors of the doctrine (see STS of 28-2-1996 [RJ 1996, 2738) and STS of 15-1-1997 (RJ 1997, 497)].
2This jurisprudential current regarding the validity of contracts or concessions as a cause of contracts for a given work or service can be found in STS of 15-1-1997 (RJ 1997, 497) obiter dictum, and quite clearly in STS of 8-6-1999 (RJ 1999, 5209), to continue later uninterruptedly in, among many others, STS of 20-11-2000 (RJ 2001, 1422), STS of 26-6-2001 (RJ 2001, 6839), STS of 14-6-2007 (RJ 2007, 5479), STS of 21-2-2008 (rec. 178/2007), STS of 10-6-2008 (rec. 1204/2007).Prior to this doctrine, during the period between 1991 and 1997, the Supreme Court established the unified doctrine according to which “the express mention in the work contract of the place where services are rendered does not per se confer them the typical autonomy and substantivity expected by (…)” [see, among others, STS of 26-9-1992 (RJ 1992, 6816), and likewise STS of 17-3-1993 (RJ 1993, 1866). The Supreme Court commenced its change of course to what has ended up being its total acceptance of an intermediate doctrine, according to which such contracting was valid not on the basis of those assumed cases that given works or services constituted, but understood its valid admission as a resolution condition under the protection of Arts. 49.2 and 3 of the WS by understanding that any abuse by the businessperson would not be appreciable by introducing a clause that subordinates the contract to the maintenance of the contract or concession, an argument that is also noted and allowed by some authors of the doctrine (see STS of 28-2-1996 [RJ 1996, 2738) and STS of 15-1-1997 (RJ 1997, 497)].
3Among others, see STS of 21-3-1997 [RJ 1997, 2612], STS of 14-9-2001 [RJ 2002, 582], STS of 17-12-2001 [RJ 2002, 3026]; STS of 17-1/2002 [RJ 2002, 3755], STS of 17-12-2001, STS of 30-11-2005 [RJ 2006, 1231], STS of 14-3-2006 [RJ 2006, 5230], and STS of 17-4-2007 [RJ 2007, 3173].
4STS of 19-1-1994 [RJ 1994, 352), STS of 25-10-1999 [RJ 1999, 8152], among many others.
5See a summary of both theses in STS of 24-11-1998 (RJ 1998, 4770).
6STS of 20-10-2004 (rec. no. 4424/2003). Thus it accepts the new community doctrine, the important STS (Sala General) of 29-5-2008 (rec. 3617/2006). Vid. STS of 20-10-2004 (rec. 4424/2003);STS of 21-10-2004 (rec. 5073/2003), STS of 27-10-2004 (rec. 899/2002) and STS of 26-11-2004 (rec. 5071/2003). However, sentences after the Temco Sentence continue denying the application of Art. 44WS to changes in contract assumptions and still refer to the conventional system by declaring it applicable or not to the specific case depending on whether conventional demands are met or not. See, among others, STS of 19-11-2014 (rec. 1845/2013); STS of 16-12-2014 (rec. 1054/2013).
7The Schmidt case. C-392/92, Rec. 1994) about a cleaning contract, and the Merckx and Neuhuys cases (as. ac. C-171 and 172/94, Rec. 1996), about a concession for automobile sales.
8A Law 29/1999, of 16 July, which amended Law 14/1994, of 1 June, established the rights of ceded workers to be paid, as a minimum, the complete payment agreed on for the job post to be worked in the collective agreement that applies to the user company, calculated by the time unit, including the proportional part that corresponds to the weekly rest period, bonuses, public holidays and the worker’s own holidays. Royal Decree-Law 10/2001, of 16 June, was that which guaranteed the aforementioned equalisation under essential work and employment conditions.
9Initially the collective agreement of the “predominant activity” was referred to [among others, STS of 10-7-2000 (rec. 4315/1999); STS of 29-1-2002 (rec. 1068/2001); STS of 17-7-2002 (rec. 4859/2000); STS of 31-10-2003 (rec. 17/2002); STS of 31-1-2008 (rec. 2604/2004); STS of 20-1-2009 (rec. 3737/2007); STS of 17-3-2015 (rec. 1464/2014)] to then apply the speciality criterion; i.e., applying the collective agreement that corresponds to the specific service that the multiservices company offers as part of the separately considered contract [of the many others that follow this criterion, we find the STSJ Galicia of 6-2-2004, STSJCastilla La Mancha of 26-7-2005 (rec. 1137/2005), STSJ Valencian Community of 9-11-2005 (rec. 1247/2005), STSJ Valencian Community of 3-5-2006 (rec. 927/2006), STSJCastilla-La Mancha of 2-10-2006 (rec. 723/2005), STSJCastilla y León of 2-10-2006 (rec. 1563/2006), STSJ Andalusia of 14-3-2007 (rec. 3041/2006), STSJCastilla-La Mancha of 15-7-2007 (rec. 696/2006), STJS Cantabria of 1-10-2007 (rec. 782/2007), STSJ Cantabria of 29-12-2007 (rec. 1063/2007), STSJ Basque Country of 11-11-2008 (1737/2008), STSJ Madrid of 20-10-2008 (rec. 2399/2008), STSJ Andalusia of 21-6-2012 (rec. 3025/2010), STSJCastilla y León of 14-4-2014 (rec. /2014), STSJ Andalusia of 20-11-2014 (rec. 2489/2014), STSJ Madrid of 24-9-2012 (rec. 2978/2012), STSJ Madrid of 8-10-2012 (rec. 2962/2012), STSJ Madrid of 24-1-2014 (rec. 427/2013), STSJ Madrid of 24-9-2012 (rec. 2978/2012), STSJ Madrid of 29-10-2012 (rec. 4321/2012), STSJ Madrid of 30-1-2012 (num. rec. 3572/2011). The performed activity must be accredited by someone who alleges the application of another different agreement to that indicated in the work contract (STSJ Asturias of 17-5-2013 (rec. 732/2013); STS of 28-6-2013 (rec. 1076/2013).
10The Royal Spanish Academy Dictionary: “Ceder/Cede”: 2. tr. Lose time, space, position, etc., to a rival; 4. intr. Relinquish, submit; 5. intr. Regarding wind, fever, etc.: mitigate, lose one’s strength; 6. intr. Stated of something: Diminish or cease one’s resistance; 7. intr. Stated of something submitted to excess force: Break or break loose; 8. intr. p. us. Stated of something or someone: inferior to another that it/he/she is compared with.
11Among many others: C.C. Avantia Outsourcing S.L (Res. Of 25-10-2013) [BOPA of 5-11-2013]; C.C. Aditia Outsourcing, S.L. (Res. Of 27-8-2013) [BORM of 12-9-2013]; C.C. Lloyd Outsourcing S.L (Res. of 25-6-2012) [BOE of 9-12-2012]; C.C. Citius Outsourcing S.L (Res. of 21-9-2012) [BOE of 5-10-2012]; C.C. Risk Steward S.L (Res. of 18-1-2013) [BOE of 4-2-2013]; C.C. Merchanservis S.L. (Res. of 7-3-2014) [BOE of 21-3-2013]; C.C. Rango 10, S.L (Res. of 25-4-2013) [BOE of 10-5-2013]; C.C. Alliance Outsourcing S.L. (Res. of 14-6-2013) (BOE of 1-7-2013]; C.C. Iman Corporation S.A (Res. of 14-6-2013) [BOE of 4-7-2013]; C.C. CPMExpertus Field Marketing, SAU (Res. of 5-12-2013) [BOE of 19-12-2013]; C.C. RepomarketSLU (Res. of 19-12-2013) [BOE of 3-1-2014]; C.C. AlternaBPO (Res. of 7-11-2014) [BOE of 21-11-2014]; C.C. SerlimarServiciosAuxiliares, SL (Res. of 26-5-2014) [BOP Barcelona of 11-7-2014]; C.C. Serveis Integrals Linda Vista, SL (Res. of 15-1-2014) [BOP Barcelona of 7-4-2014]; C.C. ExpertusServicios de Atención al Público, SAU (Res. of 20-11-2013) [BOP Barcelona of 28-2-2014]; C.C. CPMExpertus Field Marketing, SAU (Res. of 5-12-2013) [BOE of 19-12-2013]; C.C. ExpertusServiciosHoteleros, SL. (Res. of 11-4-2013) [BOE de 25-4-2013]; C.C. Adecco Outsourcing SAU (Res. of 18-5-2015 [BOCA de 11-7-2015]; C.C. Alianzas y Subcontratas, SA (Res. of 20-7-2015) [BOE of 6-8-2015];
12Among others see, STSJ Andalusia of 23-9-2015 (rec. no. 2281/2014); STSJ Madrid of 4-3-3011 (rec. no. 5879/2010); STSJ Madrid of 4-2-2011 (rec. no. 5300/10); STSJ Catalonia of 23-1-2008 (JUR 2008, 106385), STSJ Catalonia of 14-2-2008 (AS 2008, 1320)].
13For the time being, the scarce legal doctrine that has dealt with the theme rules out that the mere fact that the customer wishes to amend the way to render services may be set up as organisational or production causes, which would only occur when organisational or production reasons coincide unexpectedly in the principal company [STSJ Basque Country of 2-12-2014 (rec. no. 2283/2014)].
14On this matter, for further details see, VICENTE PALACIO, A., “Prevención de riesgoslaborales: empresasmultiservicios vs. Empresas de trabajo temporal”, in AA.VV (Dir. TOSCANIGIMENEZ, D., & ALEGRE NUENO, M.), “Análisispráctico de la Ley de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales”, Lex Nova, 2016.
15“j) On the subcontracting and the productive outsourcing and substitution of activities, employment and working conditions, given the importance and scope that various forms of productive and societal organisation forms acquire in a growing context of business outsourcing activities which has given rise to legal regulations that establish information rights to represent workers, those who sign the present agreement consider it necessary for collective bargaining to help facilitate compliance with that set out in Art. 42 of the WS. This will lead to safe employment and will help the working conditions set legally and conventionally to be met. The representative capacity, and the area to act in, of workers’ representatives, as well as their time-credit for Trade Union activities, will be determined by the legislation currently in force and, if applicable, by the applicable collective agreements. In line with this, both business and Trade Union organisations share the notion that the new productive and societal organisation forms, which often prove most complex, must not imply not applying the corresponding conventional regulation, nor the illegal cession of workers”.
16The Official State Gazette of the General Courts (House of Commons), 12th Term of Office, Series B (Draft Bills) of 9 September 2016.
Conflicts of Interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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