Dual-Factor Model of Mental Health: Surpass the Traditional Mental Health Model

DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.28117   PDF   HTML     6,319 Downloads   11,639 Views   Citations


Aiming at the limitations of traditional mental health model, the dual-factor model of mental health (DFM) was proposed as a new idea under the background of positive psychology trend. According to the DFM, mental health is a complete state; subjective well-being should be included into the mental health evaluation system as a positive indictor; in terms of prevention and intervention, the DFM asserted that the decrease of symptoms is only the first step of intervention, and the improvement of subjective well-being should be followed, in order to achieve the complete mental health states and reduce the recurrence of illness. Finally, this paper put forward evaluation on DFM and its future research directions.

Share and Cite:

Wang, X. , Zhang, D. & Wang, J. (2011). Dual-Factor Model of Mental Health: Surpass the Traditional Mental Health Model. Psychology, 2, 767-772. doi: 10.4236/psych.2011.28117.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Carr.A. (2008). Positive psychology: The Science of Happiness and human Strengths (X. Zheng, Trans.). Beijing: China Light Industry Press.
[2] Cowen, E. L. (1994). The enhancement of psychological wellness: Challenges and opportunities. American Journal of Community Psychology, 22(2), 149-179.
[3] Davies, & Bhugra. (2008). Models of psychopathology (T. Lin, Trans.). Beijing: Peking University Medical Press.
[4] Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., & Oishi, S. (2002). Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and life satisfaction. In C. R. Snyder & S. Lo- pez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 463-473). London: Oxford University Press.
[5] Doll, B. (2008). The Dual-Factor Model of Mental Health in Youth. School Psychology Review. 37(1), 69-73.
[6] Greenspoon, P. J., & Saklofske, D. H. (2001). Toward an integration of subjective well-being and psychopathology. Social Indicators Research, 54(1), 81-108.
[7] Dunn D. S., & Dougherty S. B. (2005). Prospects for a positive psychology of rehabilitation. Rehabilition Psychology. 50(3), 305-311
[8] Gao, L., & Zheng, X. (2009). The Limitations and Further Directions of Western Well-being Researches. Journal of Dialectics of Nature, 31 (1), 84-88.
[9] Huebner, E. S., Gilman, R., & Suido, S. M. (2007). Assessing perceived quality of life in children and youth. In S. R. Smith & L. Handler (Eds.), Clinical assessment of children and adolescents: A practitioner’s guide (pp. 347-363). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
[10] Huebner, E. S., Valois, R. F., Suldo, S. M., Smith, L. C., McKnight, C. G., Seligson, J. L., & Zullig, K. J. (2004). Perceived Quality of Life: A Neglected Component of Adolescent Health Assessment and Intervention. Journal of Adolescent Health, 34(4), 270-278.
[11] Jahoda, M. (1958).Current concepts of positive mental health. New York: Basic Books.
[12] Keyes, C. L. M. (2002). The mental health continuum: From languishing to flourishing in life. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43, 207-222.
[13] Keyes, C. L. M. (2005). Mental illness and/or mental health? Investigating axioms of the complete state model of health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(3), 539-548.
[14] Keyes, C. L. M. (2007). Promoting and Protecting Mental Health as Flourishing A Complementary Strategy for Improving National Mental Health. American Psychologist, 62(2), 95-108.
[15] Keyes, C. L. M., & Lopez, S. J. (2002). Toward a science of mental health: Positive directions in diagnosis and interventions. In C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 45-59). New York: Oxford University Press.
[16] Koivumaa-Honkanen, H., Tuovinen, T. K., Honkalampi, K., Hintikka, R. A. J., Haatainen, K., Viinama¨ki, H. (2008). Mental health and well-being in a 6-year follow-up of patients with depression — Assessments of patients and clinicians. Social Psychiatry and Psychiat- ric Epidemiology, 43(9), 688-696.
[17] Lewinsohn, P., Redner,J., & Seeley,J. (1991). The relationship between life satisfaction and psychosocial variables: New perspectives, In F. Strack, M. Argyle and N. Schwartz (eds.), Subjective Well-Being (pp. 141-169). New York: Plenum Press.
[18] Meng, W. J. (2008). Positive mental health education. Beijing: China Light Industry Press.
[19] O’Reardon, J. P., Brunswick, D. J., & Amsterdam, J. D. (2000). Treatment-resistant depression in the age of serotonin: Evolving strategies. Current Opinion in psychiatry, 13(1), 93-98
[20] Park, N. (2004). The role of subjective well-being in positive youth development. Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science, 591(1), 25-39.
[21] Ramana, R., Paykel, E. S., Cooper, z., Hayhurst, H., Saxty, M., & Surtees, P. G. (1995). Remission and relapse in major depression: A two year prospective follow-up study. Psychological Medicine, 25(6), 1161-1170.
[22] Ren, J. (2006). Positive psychology. Shanghai: Shanghai Education Publishing House.
[23] Seligman, M. E. P. (2008). Positive health. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 3-18.
[24] Snyder, C. R., Lopez, S. J., Edwards, L. M., Pedrotti, J. T., Prosser, E. C, Walton, S. L., et al. (2003). Measuring and labeling the positive and the negative. In S. J. Lopez &C. R. Snyder (Eds.), Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures, (pp. 21- 39). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
[25] Suldo, S. M., & Shaffer, E. J. (2008). Looking beyond psychopathology: The dual-factor model of mental health in youth. School Psychology Review, 37(1), 52-68.
[26] Veit, C. T., and Ware, J. E. (1983). The structure of psychological distress and well-being in general populations. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. 51, 730-742.
[27] Wang, Y., & Wang, Y. (2008). A Review of Intervention Studies on Increasing Subjective Well-Being. Psychological science, 31 (6), 1441-1442.
[28] Wang X Q, Zhang D J. The relationship model between psychological suzhi and mental. Abstract Book of the 9th Biennial Conference of the Asian Association of Social Psychology, Yunnan Normal University, 2011:15-16
[29] Wilkinson, R. B., & Walford, W. A. (1998). The measurement of adolescent psychological health: One or two dimensions? Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 27, 443-455.
[30] Weissberg, R. P., Kumpfer, K. L., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2003). Prevention that works for children and youth: An introduction. American Psychologist, 58, 425-432.
[31] Weisz, J. R., Sandler, I. N., Durlak, J. A., & Anton, B. S. (2005). Promoting and protecting youth mental health through evidence-based prevention and treatment. American Psychologist, 60(6), 628-648.
[32] Zhang, D. J. (2004). On school psychological suzhi education. Chongqing: Southwest China Normal University Press.
[33] Zhang, D. J., Feng, Z. Z.(2000).A study on the development of the middle school students' mental quality in China. International Journal of psychology, 35(3-4): 304-304
[34] Zhang, D. J., Wang, J.L., & Yu,L.(2011).Introduction. In Zhang, D.J., Wang, J.L., & Yu, L(Eds.), Methods and Implementary Strategies on Cultivating Students’s Psychological Suzhi. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.