Share This Article:

Nutritional Potential of Two Leafy Vegetables Leptadenia hastata Decne and Senna obtusifolia Link Consumed in Senegal

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:769KB) PP. 77-85
DOI: 10.4236/fns.2018.92006    396 Downloads   735 Views  

ABSTRACT

This study focused on two woody leafy vegetables Leptadenia hastata Decne and Senna obtusifolia Link, commonly consumed in Senegal. Leaves were col-lected from three regions. Then, proximate analyses and micronutrients were carried out to evaluate their nutritional values. Results revealed that protein level of S. obtusifolia (SO) is richer (21.75%) than Leptadenia hastata (LH) (18.16%). The cellulose and carbohydrate contents of the two vegetable’s leaves are in the same order except those of LH from Widou which are less rich in cellulose (8.31%) and richest in carbohydrate (6.35%). These leaves are also good sources of various mineral elements and especially iron. Leaves of LH appear to be richer in iron and magnesium, while SO appears to be richer in calcium. Vitamin C intakes of SO leaves are better than those of LH and respectively range from 142 to 196.5 and 22.5 to 159.5 mg/100 g. According to the use of this leafy vegetable by the populations, a domestication opportunity is thus justified to ensure availability and accessibility of these significant sources of micronutrients.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ayessou, N. , Cissé, M. , Gueye, M. , Ndiaye, C. and Diop, C. (2018) Nutritional Potential of Two Leafy Vegetables Leptadenia hastata Decne and Senna obtusifolia Link Consumed in Senegal. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 9, 77-85. doi: 10.4236/fns.2018.92006.

References

[1] Cook, J.A., Vanderjagt, D.J., Pastuszyn, A., Mounkaila, G., Glew, R.S., Millson, M. and Glew, R.H. (2000) Nutrient and Chemical Composition of 13 Wild Plant Foods of Niger. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 13, 83-92.
https://doi.org/10.1006/jfca.1999.0843
[2] Gueye, M., Ayessou, N.C., Koma, S., Diop, S., Akpo, L.E. and Samb, P.I. (2014) Wild Fruits Traditionally Gathered by the Malinke Ethnic Group in the Edge of Niokolo Koba Park (Senegal). American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 1306-1317.
https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2014.59144
[3] Gueye, M. and Diouf, M. (2007) Traditional Leafy Vegetables in Senegal: Diversity and Medicinal Uses. African Journal of Traditional Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 4, 469-475.
[4] Nordeide, M.B., Hatloy, A., Folling, M., Lied, E. and Oshang, A. (1996) Nutrient Composition and Nutritional Importance of Green Leaves and Wild Food Resources in an Agricultural District, Koutiala, in Southern Mali. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 47, 455-468.
https://doi.org/10.3109/09637489609031874
[5] Thiombiano, D.N.E., Lamien, N., Dibong, S.D. and Boussim, I.J. (2010) Etat des peuplements des espèces ligneuses de soudure des communes rurales de Pobé-Mengao et de Nobéré (Burkina Faso). Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 9, 1104-1116.
[6] Yang, R.Y., Lin, S. and Kuo, G. (2009) Nutritional Contributions of Important African Indigenous Vegetables. In: Charlie, M.S., Margaret, W.P. and Axel, W.D.E., Eds., African Indigenous Vegetables in Urban Agriculture, Earthscan, London, 105-143.
[7] Uusiku, N.P., Oelofse, A., Duodu, K.G., Bester, M.G. and Faber, M. (2010) Nutritional Value of Leafy Vegetables of Sub-Saharan Africa and Their Potential Contribution to Human Health: A Review. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 23, 499-509.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2010.05.002
[8] Diouf, M., Gueye, M. and Samb, P.I. (2017) Utilisation des paramètres biochimiques pour la détermination de la date optimale de récolte des feuilles de bissap (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) au Sénégal. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 11, 2306-2314.
https://doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v11i5.28
[9] Millogo-Rasolodimby, J. (2001) L’Homme, le climat et les ressources alimentaires végétales en périodes de crises de subsistance au Burkina Faso au cours du 20 ème siècle. Thèse d’Etat en Biologie et Ecologie Végétales. Université de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, 249 p.
[10] Gning, O.N., Sarr, O., Gueye, M., Akpo, L.E. and Ndiaye, P.M. (2013) Valeur socio-économique de l’arbre en milieu malinké (Khossanto, Sénégal). Journal Applied Bioscience, 70, 5617-5631.
https://doi.org/10.4314/jab.v70i1.98765
[11] Nikiema, J.B., Vanhaelen-Fastre, R. and Vanhaelen, M. (2001) Effects of Antiinflammatory Triterpenes Isolated from Leptadenia hastata Latex on Keratinocyte Proliferation. Phytotherapy Research, 15, 131-134.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.700
[12] Nabatanzi, A. and Nakalembe, I. (2016) Wild Food Plants Used by People Living with HIV/AIDS in Nakisunga Sub-County, Uganda. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 16, 11310-11330.
https://doi.org/10.18697/ajfand.76.15720
[13] Freiberger, C.E., Vanderjagt, D.J., Pastuszyn, A., Glew, R.S., Mounkaila, G., Millson, M. and Glew R.H. (1998) Nutrient Content of the Edible Leaves of Seven Wild Plants from Niger. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 53, 57-69.
https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008080508028
[14] Anywar, G., Oryem-Origa, H. and Kamatenesi-Mugisha, M. (2017) Proximate Nutrient Composition of Some Wild Edible Medicinal Plants from Uganda. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 17, 12215-12226.
https://doi.org/10.18697/ajfand.79.15590
[15] Sudi, I.Y., Ksgbiya, D.M., Muluh, E.K. and Clement, A. (2011) Nutritional and Phytochemical Screening of Senna obtusifolia Indigenous to Mubi, Nigeria. Advances Applied Science Research, 2, 432-437.
[16] Tambari, U., Aliero, B.L., Muhammad, S. and Hassan, L.G. (2015) Interaction Effect of Season, Habitat and Leaf Age on Proximate Composition of Senna occidentalis and Senna obtusifolia Leaves Grown in Fadama and Upland Locations in Sokoto, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 23, 39-44.
https://doi.org/10.4314/njbas.v23i1.6
[17] AFNOR (1982) Produits dérivés des fruits et légumes, jus de fruits. édition Afnor, Paris, 327 p.
[18] Dhuique-Mayer, C., Tbatou, M., Carail, M., Caris-Veyrat, C., Dornier, M. and Amiot, M.J. (2007) Thermal Degradation of Antioxidant Micronutrients in Citrus Juice: Kinetics and Newly Formed Compounds. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55, 4209-4216.
https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0700529
[19] Rahman, K.M.M., Rahman, M.M., Islam, M.S. and Begum, M.M. (2006) A Simple UV Spectrophotometric Method for the Determination of Vitamin C Content in Various and Vegetables at Sylhet Area in Bangladesh. Journal of Biological Sciences, 6, 388-392.
https://doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2006.388.392
[20] Souci, S.W., Fachmann, W. and Kraut, H. (2008) Food Composition and Nutrition Tables. 7ème edition, MedPharm, Stuttgart, 743-1238.
[21] Akubugwo, I.E., Obasi, N.A., Chinyere, G.C. and Ugbogu, A.E. (2007) Nutritional and Chemical Value of Amaranthus hybridus L. Leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 6, 2833-2839.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2007.000-2452
[22] Diouf, M., Diop, M., Lô, C., Dramé, K.A., Sène, E., Ba, C.O., Gueye, M. and Faye, B. (1999) Prospection de légumes feuilles traditionnels de type africain au Sénégal. In: Phytothérapie, J.A.C., Hweya, and Eyzaguirre, P.B., Eds., The Biodiversity of Traditional Leafy Vegetables, IPGRI, 111-154.
[23] Kerharo, J. and Adam J.G. (1974) La pharmacopée Sénégalaise Traditionnelle: Plantes médicinales et toxiques. Ed. Vigot frères, 1011 p.
[24] Arbonnier, M. (2002) Arbres, arbustes et lianes des zones sèches d'Afrique de l'Ouest. 2è édition, CIRAD-MNHN, Paris, 573 p.
[25] Aquino, R., Peluso, G., De Tommasi, N., De Simone, F. and Pizza, C. (1996) New Polyoxypregnane Ester Derivatives from Leptadenia hastata. Journal of Natural Products, 29, 555-564.
https://doi.org/10.1021/np960251e
[26] Sarkiyayi, S., Umaru, H.A. and Onche, H.O. (2015) Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic Effect of Leptadenia hastata on Albino Rats. American Journal of Biochemistry, 5, 35-41.
[27] Chamba, M.V.M., Ishmael, D. and Sitolo-Banda, G.C. (2017) Effects of Blanching Time and Dehydration Condition on Moisture and Ascorbic Acid Retention in Tender Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) Leaves. African Journal of Food Science, 11, 273-277.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJFS2017.1610

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.