Beam Selection and Antenna Selection: a Hybrid Transmission Scheme over MIMO Systems Operating with Vary Antenna Arrays
Feng Wang, Marek E. Bialkowski
DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2011.410078   PDF   HTML     4,085 Downloads   7,217 Views  


In this paper, we have proposed a hybrid transmission scheme which involves beam selection and antenna selection techniques over a MIMO system operating with vary antenna array. Optimal subset of transmit antennas are selected via fast successive selection scheme designed to optimize the target eigenbeam. Optimal eigenbeams corresponding to the largest singular values of the new MIMO channel formed by the selected antennas are exploited for data transmission. To evaluate the performance of the proposed scheme, different array structures, including uniform linear array (ULA) and including uniform circular array (UCA) are employed in the simulations. The transmitter is assumed to be surrounded by scattering objects while the receiver is postulated to be free from scattering objects. The Laplacian distribution of angle of arrival (AoA) of a signal reaching the receiver is postulated. The results presented by this paper indicate that the proposed scheme can significantly improve the performance of data transmission in term of symbol error rate (SER).

Share and Cite:

F. Wang and M. Bialkowski, "Beam Selection and Antenna Selection: a Hybrid Transmission Scheme over MIMO Systems Operating with Vary Antenna Arrays," International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2011, pp. 638-647. doi: 10.4236/ijcns.2011.410078.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] G. J. Foschini and M. G. Gans, “On Limits of Wireless Communications in a Fading Envirmonet When Using Multiple Antennas,” Wireless Personal Communications, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1998, pp. 311-335. doi:10.1023/A:1008889222784
[2] E. Telatar, “Capacity of Multi-Antenna Gaussian Channels,” European Transactions on Telecommunica- tions, Vol. 10, No. 6, 1999, pp. 585-596. doi:10.1002/ett.4460100604
[3] A. Goldsmith, S. A. Jindal and S. Vishwanash, “Capacity Limits of MIMO Channels,” IEEE Jounal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2000, pp. 502-513.
[4] G. J. Foschini, “Layered Space-Time Architecture for Wireless Communication in a Fading Environment When Using Multiple Antennas,” Bell Labs Technical Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1996, pp. 41-59. doi:10.1002/bltj.2015
[5] G. J. Foschini and M. J. Gans, “Capacity When Using Multiple Antennas at Transmit and Receive Sites and Rayleigh-Faded Matrix Channel Is Unknown to the Transmitter,” The Kluwer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science, Vol. 435, No. 4, 2002, pp. 253-267. doi: 10.1007/0-306-47041-1_17
[6] V. Tarokh, N. Seshadri and A. R. Calderbank, “Space-Time Codes for High Data Rate Wireless Communication: Performance Criterion and Code Construction,” IEEE Transaction on Information Theory, Vol. 44, No. 3, 1998, pp. 744-765. doi:10.1109/18.661517
[7] S. Alamouti, “A Simple Transmitter Diversity Scheme for Wireless Communications,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 16, No. 8, 1998, pp. 1451-1458. doi:10.1109/49.730453
[8] L. Zhang and D. N. Tse, “ Diversity and Multiplexing: A Fundamental Tradeoff in Multiple Antenna Channels,” IEEE Transaction on Information Theory, Vol. 49, No. 5, 2003, pp. 1073-1096. doi:10.1109/TIT.2003.810646
[9] S. Jin, R. Mc Kay, X. Gao and I. B. Collings, “MIMO Multichannel Beamforming: SER Outage Using New Eigenvalue Distributions of Complex Noncentral Wishart Matrices,” IEEE Transaction on Communications, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2008, pp. 424-434.
[10] H. Busche, A. Vanaev and H. Rohling, “SVD-Based MIMO Precoding and Equalization Scheme for Realistic Channle Knowledge: Design Criteria and Performance Evaluation,” Wireless Personal Communications, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2009, pp. 347-359.
[11] D. P. Palomar and S. Bararossa, “Designing MIMO Communication Systems: Constelation Choise and Linear Transceiver Design,” IEEE Transaction on Information Theory, Vol. 53, No. 10, 2005, pp. 3804-3818.
[12] S. Zhou and G. B. Giannakis, “Optimal Transmitter Eigen-Beamforming and Space-Time Block Coding Based on Channel Mean Feedback,” IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Vol. 50, No. 10, 2002, pp. 2599-2613. doi:10.1109/TSP.2002.803355
[13] M. Codreanu, A. Tolli and M. Juntti, “Joint Design of Tx-Rx Beamformers in MIMO Downlink Channel,” IEEE Transction on Signal Processing, Vol. 55, No. 9, 2007.
[14] R. W. Heath, Jr., S. Sandhu and A. J. Paulraj, “Antenna Selection for Spatial Multiplexing Systems with Linear Recievers,” IEEE Communications Letters, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2001, pp. 142-144. doi:10.1109/4234.917094
[15] D. Gore, R. Nabar and A Paulraj, “Selecting an Optimal seo of Transmit Antennas for a Low Rank Matrix Channel,” Proceedings of ICASSAP, Salt Lake City, 7-11 May 2001, pp. 142-144.
[16] R. Narasimhan, “Spatial Multiplexing with Trasmit Antenna and Constellation Selection for Correlated MIMO Fading Channels,” IEEE Transction on Signal Processing, Vol. 51, No. 11, 2003, pp. 2829-2838. doi:10.1109/TSP.2003.818205
[17] A. F. Molish and M. Z. Win, “Reduced-Complexity Transmit/Receive Diversity System,” IEEE Transaction on Signal Processing, Vol. 51, No. 11, 2003, pp. 2729- 2738. doi:10.1109/TSP.2003.818211
[18] A. Gorokhov, “Antenna Selection Algorithms for MEA Transmission Systems,” Proceedings of Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Orlando, 13-17 May 2002, pp. 2857-2860.
[19] M. Gharavi-Alkhansari and A. B. Gershman, “Fast Antenna Subset Selection in MIMO Systems,” IEEE Transaction on Sginal Processing, Vol. 52, No. 2, 2004, pp. 339-346. doi:10.1109/TSP.2003.821099
[20] F. Wang, X. Liu and M. E. Bialkowski, “BER Performance of MIMO System Employing Fast Antenna Selection Scheme under Imperfect Channel State Information,” Proceedings of International Conference of Signal Processing and Comunications Systems (ICSPCS), Gold Coast, Australia, 13-15 Decemer 2010, pp. 1-4.
[21] D. Shiu, J. Foschini, M. J. Gans and J. M. Kahn, “Fading Correlation and Its Effect on the Capacity of Multielemnt Antenna System,” IEEE Transactions on Communica- tions, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2000, pp. 502-513.
[22] C. N. Chuah, D. N. C. Tse and J. M. Kahn, “Capacity Scaling in MIMO Wireless Systems under Correlated Fading,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 48, 2002, pp. 637-650. doi:10.1109/18.985982
[23] J. Tsai, R. M. Buehrer and B. D. Woerner, “Spatial Fading Correlation Function of Circular Antenna Arrays with Laplacian Energy Distribution,” IEEE Communica- tions Letters, Vol. 6, No. 5, 2002, pp. 178-180. doi:10.1109/4234.1001656
[24] J. Tsai, R. M. Buehrer and B. D. Woerner, “The Impact of AOA Energy Distribution on the Spatial Fading Correlation of Linear Antenna Array,” Proceedings of Vehicular Technology Conference, Birmingham, 2002, pp. 933-937.

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.