cattering, and Lightning Observations. Journal of Climate, 13, 4087-4106.<4087:ACOPFI>2.0.CO;2 [6] Cecil D.J., Zipser, E.J. and Nesbitt, S.W. (2002) Reflectivity, Ice Scattering, and Lightning Characteristics of Hurricane Eyewalls and Rainbands. Part II: Intercomparison of Observations. Monthly Weather Review, 130, 785-801.<0785:RISALC>2.0.CO;2 [7] Wu, R. and Weinman, J.A. (1984) Microwave Radiances from Precipitating Clouds Containing Aspherical Ice, Combined Phase, and Liquid Hydrometeors. Journal of Geophysical Research, 89, 7170-7178. [8] Wilheit, T.T. (1986) Some Comments on Passive Microwave Measurement of Rain. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 67, 1226-1232.<1226:SCOPMM>2.0.CO;2 [9] Spencer, R.W. (1986) A Satellite Passive 37-GHz Scattering-Based Method for Measuring Oceanic Rain Rates. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 25, 754-766.<0754:ASPGSB>2.0.CO;2 [10] Spencer, R.W., Goodman, H.G. and Hood, R.E. (1989) Precipitation Retrieval over Land and Ocean with the SSM/I: Identification and Characteristics of the Scattering Signal. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 6, 254-273.<0254:PROLAO>2.0.CO;2 [11] Cecil D.J., Zipser, E.J. and Nesbitt, S.W. (2002) Reflectivity, Ice Scattering, and Lightning Characteristics of Hurricane Eyewalls and Rainbands. Part I: Quantitative Description. Monthly Weather Review, 130, 769-784.<0769:RISALC>2.0.CO;2 [12] Xu, W., Zipser, E.J., Liu, C. and Jiang, H. (2010) On the Relationships between Lightning Frequency and Thundercloud Parameters of Regional Precipitation Systems. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, D12203. [13] Mohr, K.I. and Zipser, E.J. (1996) Mesoscale Convective Systems Defined by Their 85-GHz Ice Scattering Signature: Size and Intensity Comparison over Tropical Oceans and Continents. Monthly Weather Review, 124, 2417-2437.<2417:MCSDBT>2.0.CO;2 [14] Mohr, K.I., Famiglietti, J.S. and Zipser, E.J. (1999) The Contribution to Tropical Rainfall with Respect to Convective System Type, Size, and Intensity Estimated from the 85-GHz Ice-Scattering Signature. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 38, 596-606.<0596:TCTTRW>2.0.CO;2 [15] Cecil, D.J. and Zipser, E.J. (1999) Relationships between Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Satellite-Based Indicators of Inner Core Convection: 85 GHz Ice-Scattering Signature and Lightning. Monthly Weather Review, 127, 103-123.<0103:RBTCIA>2.0.CO;2 [16] DeMott, C.A. and Rutledge, S.A. (1998) The Vertical Structure of TOGA COARE Convection. Part I: Radar Echo Distributions. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 55, 2730-2747.<2730:TVSOTC>2.0.CO;2 [17] Zipser, E.J., Cecil, D., Liu, C., Nesbitt, S. and Yorty, D. (2006) Where Are the Most Intense Thunderstorms on Earth? Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 87, 1057-1071. [18] Cecil, D.J., Goodman, S.J., Boccippio, D.J., Zipser, E.J. and Nesbitt, S.W. (2005) Three Years of TRMM Precipitation Features. Part I: Radar, Radiometric, and Lightning Characteristics. Monthly Weather Review, 133, 543-566. [19] Vivekanandan, J., Turk, J. and Bringi, V.N. (1991) Ice Water Path Estimation and Characterization Using Passive Microwave Radiometry. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 30, 1407-1421.<1407:IWPEAC>2.0.CO;2 [20] McGaughey, G.R., Zipser, E.J., Spencer, R.W. and Hood, R.E. (1996) High-Resolution Passive Microwave Observations of Convective Systems over the Tropical Pacific Ocean. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 35, 1921-1947.

comments powered by Disqus
ACS Subscription
E-Mail Alert
ACS Most popular papers
Publication Ethics & OA Statement
ACS News
Frequently Asked Questions
Recommend to Peers
Recommend to Library
Contact Us

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.