Antimicrobial therapy using sulfamethoxazole trimethoprim for Kawasaki disease patients unresponsive to intravenous immunoglobulin

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DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2011.13007   PDF   HTML     4,136 Downloads   7,990 Views   Citations

Abstract

Our previous study suggested that the production of superantigens and heat-shock protein 60 by small intestinal bacteria might play a role in Kawasaki disease (KD). We demonstrated that they were all resistant to commonly used antibiotics, except for sulamethoxazole trimethoprim (SMX-TMP). We used SMX-TMP for 7 cases of KD that were unresponsive to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and studied the antipyretic potency of this treatment. In 6 out of the 7 cases, we demonstrated that antipyretic potency was observed without side effects within 2 days of the initial administration. Antimicrobial therapy using SMX-TMP might represent a novel strategy for cases of KD that are unresponsive to IVIG.

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Nagata, S. , Yamashiro, Y. , Fujimori, M. , Chiba, Y. , Ohtsuka, Y. and Shimizu, T. (2011) Antimicrobial therapy using sulfamethoxazole trimethoprim for Kawasaki disease patients unresponsive to intravenous immunoglobulin. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 1, 27-29. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2011.13007.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

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