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Preconcentration of Lead in Sugar Samples by Solid Phase Extraction and Its Determination by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

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DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2011.25071    4,313 Downloads   8,188 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A simple and sensitive solid phase extraction utilizing C18 filled cartridges incorporated with dithizone for preconcentration of lead and its subsequent determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) was developed. Several parameters such as type, concentration and volume of eluent, pH of the sample solution, flow rate of extraction and volume of the sample were evaluated. The effect of a variety of ions on preconcentration and recovery was also investigated. At pH = 7.4 and 1.0 mol?L–1 HCl eluting them, lead ions were recovered quantitatively. The limit of detection (LOD) defined as 3Sbl was determined to be 8.1 μg L–1 for 500 mL of sample solution and eluted with 5 mL of 1.0 mol?L–1 HCl under optimum conditions. The accuracy and precision (RSD %) of the method were >90% and <10%, respectively. In the end, the proposed method was applied to a number of real sugar samples and the amount of lead was determined by spiking a known concentration of lead into the solution.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Davarani, N. Sheijooni-Fumani, A. Najarian, M. Tabatabaei and S. Vahidi, "Preconcentration of Lead in Sugar Samples by Solid Phase Extraction and Its Determination by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry," American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 5, 2011, pp. 626-631. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2011.25071.

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