A Unified Equation of Interactions
Hasan Arslan
DOI: 10.4236/ojm.2011.12005   PDF   HTML     6,469 Downloads   14,374 Views   Citations


The aim of this study is to combine four fundamental forces in a single equation. Dirac equation is written by putting the Yukawa potential as a representation of the strong and gravitational forces. The ordinary terms seen in the Dirac Equation are treated as the representations of the electromagnetic forces. The Lagrangian of the weak local interaction of the charged particles is converted to the energy representation according to the virial theorem and is put in the equation. Thus four fundamental forces are combined in a unique equation.

Share and Cite:

Arslan, H. (2011) A Unified Equation of Interactions. Open Journal of Microphysics, 1, 28-31. doi: 10.4236/ojm.2011.12005.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Ali F. Abu Taha, “Universal Gravitation and Formulas of A Unified Interactions,” 1993, p. 54. (http://www.shuttlefactor.com/Docs%20PDF/Universal%20Gravitation%20A.pdf)
[2] J. K. Perring and T. H. R. Skyrme, “A Model Unified Field Equation,” Nuclear Physics, Vol. 31, No. , 1962, pp. 550-555. doi:10.1016/0029-5582(62)90774-5
[3] Pierre-Henri Chavanis, “Kinetic Equations for Systems With Long-Range Interactions: A Unified Description,” 2010, p. 37. arXiv: 1002.3268v1
[4] Tran Hu’u Phat, “Unified Space-Time For Interactions of Elementary Particles,” Acta Physica Polonica, Vol. B4, No. 2, 1973, pp. 193-209.
[5] N. Wu, “Unified Theory of Fundamental Interactions,” , 2003, p. 23. arXiv.hep-th/0304193v1
[6] M. Ferraris and J. Kijowski, “Unified Geometric Theory of Electromagnetic and Gravitational Interactions,” General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1982, pp. 37-47.
[7] J. B. Bjorken and S. D. Drell, “Relativistic Quantum Mechanics,” McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964.
[8] J. J. Sakurai, “Advanced Quantum Mechanics,” Addison-Wesley, Menlopark, California, 1967.
[9] P. Wagener, “A Unified Theory of Interaction: Gravitation, Electrodynamics and the Strong Force,” Pogress in Physics, Vol. 1, No. 33, 2009, pp. 33-35.
[10] W. Greiner, S. Schramm, E. Stein, Quantum Chromodynamics.
[11] A. I. Akhiezer and S. V. Peletminsky, Fields and Fundamental Interactions.
[12] M. Baldo Ceolin, Proceedings of the International School of Physics Enrico Fermi Course LXX.
[13] M. Brack, “Virial Theorems for Relativistic Spin-1/2 and Spin-0 Particles,” Physical Review D, Vol. 27, No. 8, 1983, pp. 1950-1953.
[14] F Rosicky and F Mark, “The Relativistic Virial Theorem by the Elimination Method and Nonrelativistic Approximations to This Theorem,” Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 8, No. 16, 1975, pp. 2581-2587.
[15] S. T. Thornton and J. B. Marion, “Classical Dynamics of Particles and Systems,” In: Chris Hall, Ed., Thomson Learning, Belmont, 2004.
[16] Herbert Goldstein, “Classical Mechanics, Addison- Wesley Publishing Company, Inc. Reading, Massa- chusetts, 1959, pp. 69-71.

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.