Sensorless Control of Four-Switch Inverter for Brushless DC Motor Drive and Its Simulation

DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.76062   PDF   HTML     2,155 Downloads   3,174 Views   Citations

Abstract

The major function of this proposed research is to control the speed of the brushless DC motor with sensor less control for four-switch three phase inverter. This proposed system is simplified the topological structure of the conventional six-switch three phase inverter. In this proposed method, a new structure of four-switch three phase inverter [1] with reduced number of switches for system is introduced to reduce the mechanical commutation, switching losses that occur in the six-switch method. The proposed inverter fed brushless DC motor used in sensorless control schemes which is used for sensing positioning signals. To improve sensor less control performance, four-switch electronic commutation modes based proportional intergral controller scheme is implemented. In this four-switch three phase inverter reduction of switches, low cost control and saving of hall sensor were incorporated. The feasibility of the proposed sensor less control four-switch three phase inverter fed brushless DC motor drive is implemented, analysed using MATLAB/SIMULINK, effective simulation results have been validated out successfully.

Share and Cite:

Shanmugam, S. , Ramachandran, M. , Kanagaraj, K. and Loganathan, A. (2016) Sensorless Control of Four-Switch Inverter for Brushless DC Motor Drive and Its Simulation. Circuits and Systems, 7, 726-734. doi: 10.4236/cs.2016.76062.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Bolfazl, H.N. (2008) A Novel Position Sensorless Control of a Four-Switch, Brushless DC Motor Drive without Phase Shifter. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 23, 3079-3087.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2008.2002084
[2] Young-Kuk, L., Tae-Hyung, K. and Ehsani, M. (2003) On the Feasibility of Four-Switch Three-Phase Brushless DC Motor Drives for Low Cost Commercial Applications: Topology and Control. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 18, 164-172.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2002.807125
[3] Lin, C.-K., Yu, J.-T., Fu, L.-C. and Liu, T.-H. (2012) A Sensorless Position Control for Four-Switch Three-Phase Inverter-Fed Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive Systems. Proceeding of the IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM), 1036-1041.
[4] Adauria, Y., Patel, A.N., Patel, V. and Patel, J. (2012) Simulation and Analysis of Three Phase Voltage Source Inverter Using Four Semiconductor Switches. Proceeding of the Engineering Nirma University International Conference on Engineering (NUiCONE), Ahmedabad, 1-14.
[5] An, Q.T., Sun, L., Zhao, K. and Jahns, T.M. (2010) Scalar PWM Algorithms for Four-Switch Three-Phase Inverters. Electronics Letters, 46, 900-902.
[6] Eltrao de Rossiter Correa, M., Jacobina, C.B., Cabral da Silva, E.R. and Lima, A.M.N. (2006) A General PWM Strategy for Four-Switch Three-Phase Inverters. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 21, 1618-1627.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2006.882964
[7] Xia, H.L., Li, Z.Q. and Shi, T.N. (2009) A Control Strategy for Four-Switch Three-Phase Brushless DC Motor Using Single Current Sensor. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 56, 2058-2066.
[8] Lin, H.-T., Hung, C.-W. and Liu, C.-W. (2008) Position Sensor Less Control for Four-Switch Three-Phase Brushless DC Motor Drives. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 23, 438-444.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2007.911782
[9] Damodharan, P. and Vasudevan, K. (2010) Sensor Less Brushless DC Motor Drive Based on the Zero-Crossing Detection of Back Electromotive Force (EMF) from the Line Voltage Difference. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 25, 661-668.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2010.2041781
[10] Jung, D.-H. and Ha, I.-J. (2000) Low-Cost Sensor Less Control of Brushless DC Motors Using a Frequency-Inde- pendent Phase Shifter. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 15, 748-752.
[11] El Badsi, B., Bouzidi, B. and Masmoudi, A. (2013) DTC Scheme for a Four-Switch Inverter-Fed Induction Motor Emulating the Six-Switch Inverter Operation. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 28, 3528-3538.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2012.2225449
[12] Geethu, J. and Radhakrishnan, K. (2013) Simulation of Four Switch Brushless DC Motor Drive. International Journal of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology, 2, 100-106.
[13] Rajasekaran, P. and Vanchinathan, K. (2013) Improved Performance of Four Switch Three Phase Brushless DC Motor Using Speed-Current Control Algorithm. International Journal of Computer Applications, 68.
[14] Hoseinpour, A. (2010) Three Phase Active Filter with Four Switching Inverter and Variable Index Modulation. Proceeding of the 1st Power Quality Conference (PQC), Tehran, 1-7.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.