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Fundamentals, Representative Applications and Future Perspectives of Green Chemistry: A Short Review

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DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100748    2,053 Downloads   3,039 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Green chemistry is an eco-friendly and rapid emerging field of chemistry which offers a green alternative to conventional chemistry practices. It focuses on the reduction, recycling and removal of the use of toxic and hazardous chemicals through innovative alternative routes making desired products with minimum environment impact. Its growing importance is in exploitation of maximum possible resources in such a way that, there is minimum production of undesired chemical wastes. It is helpful to chemists and chemical engineers in research, development and production for improvement of more eco-friendly and efficient products which may also have significant financial benefits. The green chemistry movement is part of a larger movement that leads to sustainable development, sustainable economics and sustainable living practices. Sustainable chemistry is a scientific concept that seeks to improve the efficiency with which natural resources are used to meet human needs for chemical products and services. It encompasses the design, manufacture and use of efficient, effective, safe and more environmentally benign chemical products and processes. This has enormous potential to contribute in renewable energy technologies, synthesis of new molecules and development of pollution prevention technologies. The aim of this review is to raise awareness on the fundamental aspects, necessities and benefits of green chemistry.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Rana, K. and Rana, S. (2014) Fundamentals, Representative Applications and Future Perspectives of Green Chemistry: A Short Review. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-16. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1100748.

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