Synthesis of Nano-Titanium Tannate as an Adsorbent for Crystal Violet Dye, Kinetic and Equilibrium Isotherm Studies


The purpose of this study was to prepare nano-titanium tannate complex (TTC) and to investigate its adsorption capacity for removal of cationic dyes such as crystal violet (CV) dye. The morphology and the main elements of TTC adsorbent were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDS), while its crystal structure was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Also, FT-IR spectroscopy study structural aspects of TTC. A “cotton-ball”-like and porous surface structure of titanium tannate complex (TTC) with nanoparticle size of 16.18 nm show high capability for absorbing crystal violet dye. The effect of several parameters such as contact time, initial concentrations of CV, solution pH and the amount of TTC was investigated. Three different kinetic equations such as pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and intraparticle diffusion were used to study the order and the mechanism of the adsorption process. The adsorption of CV dye followed pseudo- second order equation. Moreover, equilibrium data were tested with four adsorption isotherm models namely, Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R). Langmuir was the best fit for the data with maximum capacity as 58.8 mg/g. The results of Separation factor, Surface coverage and standard free energy (ΔG°) indicated that adsorption of CV onto TTC was favorable with fast rate and spontaneous physical adsorption process.

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Elmorsi, T. (2015) Synthesis of Nano-Titanium Tannate as an Adsorbent for Crystal Violet Dye, Kinetic and Equilibrium Isotherm Studies. Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 1454-1471. doi: 10.4236/jep.2015.612126.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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