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Nondestructive Determination of Moisture Content in Dry Fruits by Impedance and Phase Angle Measurements

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DOI: 10.4236/jst.2015.54008    3,364 Downloads   3,905 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

An electronic method to estimate the moisture content (MC) of dry fruits by measuring the impedance (Z) and phase angle (θ) of a cylindrical parallel-plate capacitor with dry fruit sample between the plates, using a CI meter (Chari’s Impedance meter) at 1 and 9 MHz is described. Capacitance C was derived from Z and θ, and using the C, θ, and Z values of a set of dried cherries, whose MC values were later determined by the vacuum hot air-oven method, a calibration equation was developed. Using this equation, and their measured C, θ, and Z values, the MC of a group of cherries, not used in the calibration, was predicted. The predicted values were compared with their air-oven values. Similar predictions were done using the same method on dried blueberries. The method worked well with a good R2 value, and showed a low standard error of prediction (SEP) in the measured MC range between 5% and 30% for cherries, and 9% and 22% for blueberries.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Kandala, C. , Holser, R. , Sundaram, J. and Puppala, N. (2015) Nondestructive Determination of Moisture Content in Dry Fruits by Impedance and Phase Angle Measurements. Journal of Sensor Technology, 5, 73-80. doi: 10.4236/jst.2015.54008.

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