Share This Article:

Agriculture and Forest Transition: Understanding of Land Use Change in a Cultural Landscape

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:6044KB) PP. 797-807
DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.512076    4,120 Downloads   4,621 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Land use trajectory analysis provides both the time and kind of land cover changes to monitor land use dynamics. Land cover change trajectories for three different dates (1965, 1989 and 2014) extracted from satellite images by vectorization of the thematic information were studied This study was carried out on a cultural landscape (São Carlos municipality, SP, Brazil) with three major land use-cover classes (forest, agriculture and other uses). The results showed the spatio temporal variability of landscape pattern and forest and agriculture change trajectories. Analysis based on these landscape trajectories demonstrates that agriculture and forest cover changes have been caused by human activities. The results reflect the conflicting interactions between environmental and human systems in the study area. A key question is that the pressure exerted on forest land use-cover depends on the incentives that move society from a conflicting relation with a municipal territory. A more sustainable landscape transition and trajectory for São Carlos municipality are extremely dependent on the regulatory role of the government through strategies related to the implementation of specific categories of legally protected areas (Legal Reserves and Areas of Permanent Preservation).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

dos Santos, J. , Fushita, A. , de Souza, I. , Amorim, L. and Andrade, V. (2015) Agriculture and Forest Transition: Understanding of Land Use Change in a Cultural Landscape. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 5, 797-807. doi: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.512076.

References

[1] Lambin, E.F., Geist, H.J. and Lepers, E. (2003) Dynamics of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change in Tropical Regions. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 28, 205-241.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.energy.28.050302.105459
[2] Foley, J.A., Defries, R., Asner, G.P., Bonan, G., Carpenter, S.R., Chapin, F.S., Coe, M.T., Daily, G.C., Gibbs, H.K., Helkowski, J.H., Holloway, T., Howard, E.A., Kucharik, C.J., Monfreda, C., Patz, J.A., Prentice, I.C., Ramankutty, N. and Snyder, P.K. (2005) Global Consequences of Land Use. Science, 309, 570-574.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1111772
[3] DeFries, R.S., Foley, J.A., and Asner, G.P. (2004) Land-Use Choices: Balancing Human Needs and Ecosystem Function. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2, 249-257.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/1540-9295(2004)002[0249:LCBHNA]2.0.CO;2
[4] Mather, A.S. and Needle, C.L. (1998) The Forest Transition: A Theoretical Basis. Area, 30, 117-124.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4762.1998.tb00055.x
[5] Rudel, T.K., Coomes, O.T., Moran, E., Achard, F., Angelsen, A., Xu, J. and Lambin, E. (2005) Forest Transitions: Towards a Global Understanding of Land Use Change. Global Environmental Change, 15, 23-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2004.11.001
[6] Borri, M.S. and Vozenilek, V. (2014) Remote Sensing and Land Use/Land Cover Trajectories. Journal of Geophysics & Remote Sensing, 3, 123.
[7] Skalos, J. and Engstova, B. (2010) Methodology for Mapping Non-Forest Wood Elements Using Historic Cadastral Maps and Aerial Photographs as a Basis for Management. Journal of Environmental Management, 91, 831-843.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.10.013
[8] Soares, J.J., Silva, D.W. and Lima, M.I.S. (2003) Current State and Projection of the Probable Original Vegetation of the São Carlos Region of São Paulo State. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 63, 527-536.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842003000300019
[9] IBGE (2014) Resolution No. 2 of August 26, 2014. Estimates of the Population for the States and Municipalities with Reference Date on July 1, 2014. Official Federal Gazette, Brazil 28 August, Section 1, 115.
[10] IBGE (1971) Topographic Maps: Topographic Mapping of Brazil. Scale 1:50.000. Rio de Janeiro.
[11] Crosta, A.P. (1992) Remote Sensing Digital Image Processing. IG/UNICAMP, Campinas.
[12] Moreira, M.A. (2011) Remote Sensing Fundamentals and Application Methods. 4th Edition, UFV, Viçosa, MG.
[13] IDS (2015) Indicators of Sustainable Development: Brazil. Coordination of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies. IBGE, Rio de Janeiro.
[14] Ribeiro, M.C., Mettzger, J.P., Martensen, A.C., Ponzoni, F.J. and Hirota, M.M. (2009) The Brazilian Atlantic Forest: How Much Is Left, and How Is the Remaining Forest Distributed? Implications for Conservation. Biological Conservation, 142, 1141-1153.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2009.02.021
[15] Durigan, G., Siqueira, M.F. and Franco, G.A.D.C. (2007) Threats to the Cerrado Remnants of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Scientia Agricola (Piracicaba. Braz.), 64, 355-63.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162007000400006
[16] Cintra, R.H.S., Santos, J.E., Moschini, L.E., Pires, J.S.R. and Henke-Oliveira C. (2006) Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Environmental Damages through Instauration and Registers of Lawful Documents. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 49, 989-999.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132006000700017
[17] Bertini, M.A., Fushita, A.T. and Lima, M.I.S. (2015) Vegetation Coverage in Hydrographic Basins in the Central Region of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 75, 709-717.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.21713
[18] Oliveira, J.A. (2002) The Policymaking Process for Creating Competitive Assets for the Use of Biomass Energy: The Brazilian Alcohol Programme. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 6, 129-140.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1364-0321(01)00014-4
[19] Sparovek, G., Berndes, G., Barreto, A.G.O.P., Leoname, I. and Klug, F. (2012) The revision of the Brazilian Forest Act: Increased Deforestation or a Historic Step towards Balancing Agricultural Development and Nature Conservation? Environmental Science & Policy, 16, 65-72.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2011.10.008
[20] Soares-Filho, B., Rajão, R., Macedo, M., Carneiro, A., Costa, W., Coe, M., Rodrigues, H. and Alencar, A. (2014) Cracking Brazil’s Forest Code. Science, 344, 363-364.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1246663
[21] Andrén, H. (1994) Effects of Habitat Fragmentation on Birds and Mammals in Landscape with Different Proportions of Suitable Habitat: A Review. Oikos, 71, 355-366.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3545823
[22] Fahrig, L. (2003) Effects of Habitat Fragmentation on Biodiversity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematic, 34, 487-515. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.34.011802.132419
[23] Develey, P.F. and Metzger, J.P. (2006) Emerging Threats to Birds in Brazilian Atlantic Forests: The Roles of Forest loss and Configuration in a Severely Fragmented Ecosystem. In: Laurance, W.F. and Peres, C.A., Eds,, Emerging threats to Tropical Forests, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 269-290.
[24] Martensen, A.C., Pimentel, R.G. and Metzger, J.P. (2008) Relative Effects of Fragment Size and Connectivity on Bird Community in the Atlantic Rain Forest: Implications for Conservation. Biological Conservation, 141, 2184-2192. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2008.06.008
[25] Metzger, J.P., Martensen, A.C., Dixo, M., Bernacci, L.C., Ribeiro, M.C., et al. (2009) Time-Lag in Biological Responses to Landscape Changes in a Highly Dynamic Atlantic Forest Region. Biological Conservation, 142, 1166-1177. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2009.01.033
[26] Metzger, J.P. (2010) The Forest Code has Scientific Basis? Brazilian Journal of Nature Conservation, 8, 92-99.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.