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Sweet Potato Leaf Curl Virus: Coat Protein Gene Expression in Escherichia coli and Product Identification by Mass Spectrometry

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.619296    3,069 Downloads   3,611 Views  

ABSTRACT

Sweet potato is one of the first natural GMOs, genetically modified 8000 years ago by Agrobacterium rhizogenes as reported recently by Kyndt et al. A section of 10 kbp long DNA (Transferred- DNA or T-DNA) of the Ri (Root-inducing) plasmid was transferred to the plant genome by A. rhizo-genes and has been maintained in all 291 hexaploid sweet potato cultivars of the world. The maintenance in the sweet potato genome and expression of two T-DNA genes for tryptophan-2-monooxygenease (iaaM) and for indole-3-acetamide hydrolase (iaaH) are likely to be physiologically significant since these enzymes convert tryptophan to indole-3-acetic acid, a major plant growth hormone auxin. Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam) is ranked the third most important root crop after potato and cassava, and the seventh in global food crop production with more than 126 million metric tons. Although sweet potato originated in Central or South America, China currently produces over 86% of world production with 109 million metric tons. In the United States, North Carolina is the leading producer with 38.5% of the 2007 sweet potato production, followed by California, Mississippi, and Louisiana with 23%, 19%, and 15.9%, respectively. Leaf curl virus diseases have been reported in sweet potato throughout the world. One of the causal agents is Sweet potato leaf curl virus (SPLCV) belonging to the genus Begomovirus (family Geminiviridae). Although SPLCV does not cause symptoms on Beauregard, one of the most predominant sweet potato cultivars in the US, it can reduce the yield up to 26%. Serological detection of SPLCV is not currently available due to the difficulties in obtaining purified virions that can be used as antigen for antiserum production. In attempts to obtain the coat protein (CP) of SPLCV for antibody production, primers were designed to amplify the CP gene. This gene was cloned into the expression vector pMAL-c2E as a fusion protein with maltose-binding protein, and transformed into Escherichia coli strain XL1-Blue. After gene induction, a fusion protein of 72 kDa was purified by amylose affinity chromatography. The yield of the purified fusion protein was approximately 200 μg/liter of bacterial culture. Digestion with enterokinase cleaved the fusion protein into a 42.5 kDa maltosebinding protein and a 29.4 kDa protein. The latter protein was identified by mass spectrometry analysis as the coat protein of SPLCV based on the fact that the mass spectrometry elucidated the sequences corresponding to 37% of amino acid positions of the SPLCV coat protein.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Reynoso, D. , Valverde, R. and Murai, N. (2015) Sweet Potato Leaf Curl Virus: Coat Protein Gene Expression in Escherichia coli and Product Identification by Mass Spectrometry. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 3013-3024. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.619296.

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