Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation of Mexican Lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) Using Optimized Systems for Epicotyls and Cotyledons


Transgenic Mexican lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) was produced through two explant sources, each using systems previously optimized for each source. One used epicotyls segments, which was the predominant explant for transgenic Citrus production following co-cultivation with Agrobacterium, and has a well-established protocol. The other procedure used embryo cotyledons from mature seeds, which was developed in our lab as an alternative for stable Citrus transformation. Cotyledon transformation and regeneration protocols were optimized by comparing variables in culture medium composition on shoot regeneration and four parameters in transient transformation. The optimized protocols were compared, and frequency of regeneration, frequency of transgenic plant-recovery and stable transformation efficiency indicated the superiority of the cotyledon protocol for Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation in Mexican lime. The tissue choice resulted in marked improvement in shoot regeneration (14.1% of explants producing shoots in epicotyls; 55.8% in cotyledons), stable transformation frequency (11.4% of epicotyls explants; 40.2% in cotyledons), and frequency of transgenic plant-recovery (37.9% in epicotyl explants; 92.6% in cotyledons). Thus, easy availability of explants using embryo cotyledons from mature seeds, technical simplicity, shortening of transformation time-course, and higher transformation and regeneration frequencies makes this new system an attractive alternative over the previously published Citrus transformation protocols. In the course of this project, we generated Mexican lime with a Recombinase Mediated Exchange Cassette landing pad, which was designed for stacking transgenes.

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P. de Oliveira, M. , Moore, G. , G. Thomson, J. and Stover, E. (2015) Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation of Mexican Lime (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) Using Optimized Systems for Epicotyls and Cotyledons. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology, 6, 657-668. doi: 10.4236/abb.2015.611069.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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