Share This Article:

Progress on Fabric Electrodes Used in ECG Signals Monitoring

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:318KB) PP. 110-117
DOI: 10.4236/jtst.2015.13012    6,463 Downloads   7,166 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Wearable monitoring system is designed for skin stimulation of conductive adhesive, prolonged physiological monitoring and biocompatibility, whose core is fabric electrodes and it can feedback physiological status by analysis of abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG). Fabric electrode is a sensor to collect biological signals based on textile materials including signals acquisition, processing systems and information feedback platform and so on. In this paper, the design methods and classification of medical electrodes would be introduced. It also sorted out the principle of biological electrical signals, the design methods and characteristics of different material and different structure electrodes from the point of dry electrodes and wet electrodes. There are many methods that can be used to prepare fabric electrodes. They are mainly metal plating, conductive polymer coating, magnetron sputtering, gas phase deposition and impregnation. Besides, they select the appropriate substrate, conductive medium and composite way to get light fabric electrodes which have high conductivity, good conformability. From the perspective of biological signal acquisition by fabric electrodes, this paper also sorted out the influence and approaches of biological signals and the way to feedback the physiological condition of human. As a new generation of bio-signal acquisition material, fabric electrode has met the requirements of the development of modern medicine. Fabric electrode is different from traditional conductive materials in the characteristics of comfort, intelligence, convenience, accuracy and so on.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Liu, Z. and Liu, X.X. (2015) Progress on Fabric Electrodes Used in ECG Signals Monitoring. Journal of Textile Science and Technology, 1, 110-117. doi: 10.4236/jtst.2015.13012.

References

[1] Di Rienzo, M., Rizzo, F., Parati, G., Brambilla, G., Ferratini, M. and Castiglioni, P. (2005) MagIC System: A New Textile-Based Wearable Device for Biological Signial Monitoring Applicability in Daily Life and Clinical Setting. 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Shanghai, 7167-7169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/iembs.2005.1616161
[2] Paradiso, R., Loriga, G., Taccini, N., Gemignani, A. and Ghelarducci, B. (2005) WEALTHY—A Wearable Healthcare System: New Frontier on e-Textile. Journal of Telecommunications and Information Technology, 4, 105-113.
[3] Habetha, J. (2006) The MyHeart Project-Fighting Cardiovascular Disease by Prevention and Early Diagnosis. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS Conference, New York, 30 August-3 September 2006, 6746-6749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/iembs.2006.260937
[4] Cunha, J.P., Cunha, B., Pereira, A.S., et al. (2010) Vital-Jacke Jacket?: A Wearable Wireless Vital Signs Monitor for Patients’ Mobility in Cardiology and Sports. 4th International Conference on-NO PERMISSIONS Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare (Pervasive Health).
[5] Rosso, R., Munaro, G., Salvetti, O., Colantonio, S. and Ciancitto, F. (2010) CHRONIOUS: An Open, Ubiquitous and Adaptive Chronic Disease Management Platform for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and Renal Insufficiency. 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS.
[6] Pereira, T., Carvalho, H., et al. (2013) Wearable Biopotential Measurement Using theTIADS1198 Analog Front-End and Textile Electrodes. IEEE Signal Conditioning and Signal Quality Assessment, 325-330.
[7] Lourenco, A., Silva, H., Carreiras, C. and Fred, A.L.N. (2013) Outlier Detection in Non-Intrusive ECG Biometric System. Proceedings of the International Conference on Image Analysis and Recognition (ICIAR), 43-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39094-4_6
[8] Zhang, H., Tao, X., Tao, W., Li, W., Xu, P. and Liu, H. (2011) Textile-Structured Human Body Surface Biopotential Signal Acquisition Electrode. 4th International Congress on Image and Signal Processing (CISP), Shanghai, 15-17 October 2011, 2792-2797. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/cisp.2011.6100739
[9] Zhang, Y. (2014) Study on Wearable Ambulatory Elecotrocardiogram Monitoring System and Electrocardiosignal Processing Method. University of Electronic Science and Technology of China.
[10] Salvado, R., Loss, C., Gon?alves, R. and Pinho, P. (2012) Textile Materials for the Design of Wearable Antennas: A Survey. Sensors, 12, 15841-15857. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s121115841
[11] Liang, G., Zhu, L., Xu, J., Fang, D., Bai, Z., Xu, W. (2013) Investigations of Poly(pyrrole)-Coated Cotton Fabrics Prepared in Blends of Anionic and Cationic Surfactants as Flexible Electrode. Electrochimica Acta, 103, 9-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2013.04.065
[12] Zhai, H., Wang, C., et al. (2012) ECG Signal Monitoring System Based on Textile Electrodes. Journal of Jilin University (Information Science Edition), 30, 185-191.
[13] Tao, D. (2011) Study of Textile Electrodes and Signal Processing Technology in Myoelectric Prostheses Control. Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin.
[14] Zhang, Y. (2014) Study on Wearable Ambulatory Elecotrocardiogram Monitoring System and Electrocardiosignal Processing Method. University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu.
[15] Yue, B., Wang, C., Ding, X. and Wallace, G.G. (2013) Electrochemically Synthesized Stretchable Polypyrrole/Fabric Electrodes for Supercapacitor. Electrochimica Acta, 113, 17-22.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2013.09.024
[16] Fu, X., Zhao, Y. and Cai, Z. (2010) Preparation of Polyaniline/Metal Composite Conductive Fabric by Electroless Plating. Dieing Polymerica Sinia, 36, 1-4.
[17] Jing, X., Wang, L., et al. (2005) Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications of Conducting Polyaniline. Acta Polymerica Sinia, 655-663.
[18] Webster, J. (2009) Medical Instrumentation: Application and Design. Wiley, India.
[19] Sun, J., Wu, Y., et al. (2010) Wearable Dynamic ECG Monitoring System Based on the Signal Quality Evaluation. Donghua University, Shanghai.
[20] Zhang, Z. (2010) Research on Acquisition of Electromyography for Prosthesis Control. Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin.
[21] Xi, X., Zuo, J., et al. (2014) A Study of Multi-Channel EMG De-Noising and Aliasing Removal. Chinese Journal of Sensors and Actuators, 293-298.
[22] Liang, G., Zhu, L., Xu, J., et al. (2013) Investigations of Poly(pyrrole)-Coated Cotton Fabrics Prepared in Blends of Anionic and Cationic Surfactants as Flexible Electrode. Electrochimica Acta, 103, 9-14.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2013.04.065
[23] Zhang, L., Yan, H., et al. (2014) Application and Research Progress in ECG Signal Detection of Non-Contact Electrode. Space Medicine & Medical Engineering.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.