Investigation of Different Washing Effects on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Cotton Knitted Garments


This paper deals with three types of washing (enzyme, softener, Silicone) effects on 100% cotton Single Jersey T-shirt, Slub Single Jersey T-shirt, Double Lacoste (5% Lycra) Polo shirt, Single jersey CVC (T-shirt) and PC single Jersey (T-shirt). Typical industrial washing procedures and techniques were followed and then physico-mechanical properties were analyzed under standard condition. It is observed that after washing, weight of each garments has increased from 5% to 36%; stitch length of the constituted fabric has decreased from 1% to 10% approximately; CPI has increased 23% for CVC fabric only for enzyme treatment and for other process it has a little bit or no wash effects. Same effects found for WPI except 100% cotton and Double Lacoste. Shrinkage property both for lengthwise and widthwise remains the same except CVC and Double Lacoste knitted garments and spirality has almost unchanged except 100% cotton and slub fabric. Both the dry and wet rubbing properties have improved after any types of wash except 100% cotton on Silicone wash. Water absorbency property has increased; pH of all the samples is under controlled and lies between 4.5 and 5.0. But there is no significant change of colorfastness to wash and stain after these washing treatments.

Share and Cite:

Solaiman, Rouf, A., Rasel, S. and Khalil, E. (2015) Investigation of Different Washing Effects on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Cotton Knitted Garments. Journal of Textile Science and Technology, 1, 101-109. doi: 10.4236/jtst.2015.13011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Mondal, M.I.H. and Khan, M.M.R. (2014) Characterization and Process Optimization of Indigo Dyed Cotton Denim Garments by Enzymatic Wash. Fashion and Textiles, 1, 1-12.
[2] Sarkar, J., Khalil, E. and Solaiman, M. (2014) Effect of Enzyme Washing Combined with Pumice Stone on the Physical, Mechanical and Color Properties of Denim Garments. International Journal of Research in Advent Technology, 2, 65-68.
[3] Sarkar, J. and Khalil, E. (2014) Effect of Industrial Bleach Wash and Softening on the Physical, Mechanical and Color Properties of Denim Garments. IOSR Journal of Polymer and Textile Engineering, 1, 46-49.
[4] Khan, M.M.R., Mondal, M.I.H. and Uddin, M.Z. (2011) Effect of Bleach Wash on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Denim Garments. International Conference on Mechanical Engineering, 3.
[5] Haq, U.N. and Khan, M.M.R. (2014) Technology of Acid Wash on Woven Denim Apparel with Damp Pumice Stone.
[6] Khalil, E. (2015) Effect of Processing Time and Concentration of Potassium Permanganate on Physico-Mechanical Properties of Denim Jeans during Stone Washing. Science Innovation, 3, 68-71.
[7] Kashem, P.M. (2008) Garments Merchandising. Luckey-One Traders, Bangladesh.
[8] Khalil, E. and Islam, M.M. (2015) Wrinkle Finish on Denim by Resin Treatment: A Review. AASCIT Communication, 2, 82-87.
[9] Khalil, E., Sarkar, J., Rahman, M. and Solaiman, M. (2014) Influence of Enzyme and Silicone Wash on the Physico-Mechanical Properties of Non-Denim Twill Garments. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 3, 231-233.
[10] Gokarneshan, N., Durairaj, C., Krishnamurthy, P., Shanmugasundaram, S., Subhash, R. and Su, P. (2009) Chemical Finishing and Washing of Knit Wear.
[12] Fabric Softener (2015) In Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.
[13] Silicone (2015) In Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.
[14] David, A.E. (2004) Immobilization of Enzymes on Nanoporous, Silica Composites.
[15] ASTM D3776/D3776M-09a (2013) Standard Test Methods for Mass per Unit Area (Weight) of Fabric. ASTM International, West Conshohocken.
[16] BS EN 14970:2006 (2006) Textiles. Knitted Fabrics. Determination of Stitch Length and Yarn Linear Density in Weft Knitted Fabrics.
[17] IS 1963 (1982) Methods for Determination of Threads per Unit Length in Knitted Fabrics. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
[18] AATCC Test Method 96 (2009) Dimensional Changes in Commercial Laundering of Woven and Knitted Fabrics except Wool. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, Research Triangle Park.
[19] ISO 3759:2011 (2011) Textiles—Preparation, Marking and Measuring of Fabric Specimens and Garments in Tests for Determination of Dimensional Change.
[20] ISO 105-X12:2001 (2001) Textiles—Tests for Color Fastness—Part X12: Color Fastness to Rubbing.
[21] AATCC Test Method 79 (2009) Absorbency of Textiles. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, AATCC Technical Manual, Research Tri U.S.A.
[22] AATCC Test Method 81-2006 (2006) pH of the Water Wet Processed Textiles. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists, AATCC Technical, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina.
[23] ISO 105-C10:2006 (2006) Textiles—Tests for Colour Fastness—Part C10: Colour Fastness to Washing with Soap or Soap and Soda.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.