DFT and TD-DFT Study of Bis[2-(5-Amino-[1,3,4]-Oxadiazol-2-yl) Phenol](Diaqua)M(II) Complexes [M = Cu, Ni and Zn]: Electronic Structures, Properties and Analyses


Ground state geometries, spectral (IR and UV-Vis) properties, analysis of frontier molecular orbitals (FMOs), natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis and molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) surfaces of three transition metal complexes [Cu(AOYP)2(OH2)2] (A), [Ni(AOYP)2(OH2)2] (B) and [Zn-(AOYP)2(OH2)2] (C), have been studied theoretically by the Density Functional Theory (DFT) and Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) methods. AOYP is the oxadiazole ligand 2-(5-amino-[1,3,4]-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenol. The geometries of these complexes were initially optimized using two basis sets: LAN2DZ and a generic basis set, the latter of which was selected for subsequent analysis. The stability of the complexes arising from intramolecular interactions and electron delocalization was estimated by natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis. The NBO results showed significant charge transfer from lone pair orbitals on the AOYP donor atoms O19, O21, N15 and N36 to central metal ions in the complexes, as well as to the benzene and oxadiazole rings. The electronic spectrum of (A) showed bands at 752 and 550 nm mainly attributable to ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT) transitions, and a band at 446 nm assigned to a d-d transition. The electronic spectrum of (B) consisted of bands at 540, 463 and 395 nm mainly due to d-d transitions. Calculated electronic bands for (C) occurred at 243, 238 and 235 nm, arising from intraligand charge transfer (ILCT) transitions within AOYP. A good agreement in terms of band positions was found between experimental and calculated absorption spectra of the complexes.

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Nkungli, N. , Ghogomu, J. , Nogheu, L. and Gadre, S. (2015) DFT and TD-DFT Study of Bis[2-(5-Amino-[1,3,4]-Oxadiazol-2-yl) Phenol](Diaqua)M(II) Complexes [M = Cu, Ni and Zn]: Electronic Structures, Properties and Analyses. Computational Chemistry, 3, 29-44. doi: 10.4236/cc.2015.33005.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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