Quantitative Evaluation of an Epitaxial Silicon-Germanium Layer on Silicon


An epitaxial SixGey layer on a silicon substrate was quantitatively evaluated using rocking curve (RC) and reciprocal space map (RSM) obtained by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) in conjunction with transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and EDS in conjunction with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). To evaluate the relative deviation of the quantitative analysis results obtained by the RC, RSM, SEM/EDS, and TEM/EDS methods, a standard sample comprising a Si0.7602Ge0.2398 layer on a Si substrate was used. The correction factor (K-factor) for each technique was determined using multiple measurements. The average and standard deviation of the atomic fraction of Ge in the Si0.7602Ge0.2398 standard sample, as obtained by the RC, RSM, TEM/EDS, and SEM/EDS methods, were 0.2463 ± 0.0016, 0.2460 ± 0.0015, 0.2350 ± 0.0156, and 0.2433 ± 0.0059, respectively. The correction factors for the RC, RSM, TEM/EDS, and SEM/EDS methods were 0.9740, 0.9740, 1.0206, and 0.9856, respectively. The SixGey layer on a silicon substrate was quantitatively evaluated using the RC, RSM, and EDS/TEM methods. The atomic fraction of Ge in the epitaxial SixGey layer, as evaluated by the RC and RSM methods, was 0.1833 ± 0.0007, 0.1792 ± 0.0001, and 0.1631 ± 0.0105, respectively. After evaluating the results of the atomic fraction of Ge in the epitaxial layer, the error was very small, i.e., less than 3%. Thus, the RC, RSM, TEM/EDS, and SEM/EDS methods are suitable for evaluating the composition of Ge in epitaxial layers. However, the thickness of the epitaxial layer, whether the layer is strained or relaxed, and whether the area detected in the TEM and SEM analyses is consistent must be considered.

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Yao, J. , Lin, K. and Hsu, C. (2015) Quantitative Evaluation of an Epitaxial Silicon-Germanium Layer on Silicon. Microscopy Research, 3, 41-49. doi: 10.4236/mr.2015.34006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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