Analysis on Composition and Antioxidative Properties of Phlorotannins Isolated from Japanese Eisenia and Ecklonia Species

DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.615253   PDF   HTML   XML   2,657 Downloads   3,415 Views   Citations

Abstract

The composition and antioxidative properties of crude phlorotannins isolated from Japanese Eisenia and Ecklonia species including cultured E. kurome were analyzed. As a result of liquid chromatography mass spectrometry analysis, it was suggested that the phlorotannins were composed of compounds containing 3 - 7 phloroglucinol units for Eisenia species and 3 - 8 phloroglucinol units for Ecklonia species. The antioxidant properties of phlorotannins were evaluated using the hydrophilic oxygen radical absorbance capacity (H-ORAC) assay, the measurements of superoxide anion radical scavenging activity (SOSA) with electron spin resonance method, and the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and reducing power assay. It was clarified that the phlorotannins contained H-ORAC values of 8.9 × 103 - 1.0 × 104 μmol-Trolox equivalents (TE)/g, SOSA of 1.5 × 104 - 2.9 × 104 superoxide dismutase units/g, DPPH radical scavenging activity of 4.7 × 103 - 5.5 × 103 μmol-TE/g, and reducing power of 6.5 × 102 - 7.0 × 102 mg-ascorbic acid equivalents/g, and had excellent antioxidative properties.

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Shibata, T. , Nagayama, K. , Sugiura, S. , Makino, S. , Ueda, M. and Tamaru, Y. (2015) Analysis on Composition and Antioxidative Properties of Phlorotannins Isolated from Japanese Eisenia and Ecklonia Species. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 2510-2521. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.615253.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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