Improve Effluent Water Quality at Abu-Rawash WWTP Using Aluminum Chloride and Carbon Dioxide


This research involved attempting to improve water quality at the Abu-Rawash WWTP by using aluminum chloride (AlCl3) as a coagulant combined with injection of carbon dioxide (CO2). The Abu-Rawash WWTP is the main source of water quality degradation at the Rosetta branch, Egypt. Sewage samples were collected from the effluent of the grit removal chamber. Jar tests were performed to estimate the optimum pH value and the coagulant dosage required to obtain acceptable treatment. Eleven samples were prepared with equal dosages of aluminum chloride (10.0 mg/L) and different pH values. The optimal pH values for the elimination of the biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), and turbidity ranged from 6.10 to 6.20 for the aluminum chloride. Results indicated that the appropriate AlCl3 dosage was 2.0 mg/L, especially at pH between 6.1 and 6.2. The results also showed that the AlCl3 was cost effective, especially after reducing pH value. It is also more cost effective than the other proposed solutions such as changing the effluent path of the Abu-Rawash WWTP to the desert.

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Mostafa, M. (2015) Improve Effluent Water Quality at Abu-Rawash WWTP Using Aluminum Chloride and Carbon Dioxide. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 7, 1049-1057. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.713086.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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