Predictive Factors of Surgery in Peptic Stenosis of the Bulb


The bulb ulcer stenosis, becoming exceptional in developed countries, remains frequent in our country despite the use of the antisecretory. The purpose of our study was to study epidemiological, diagnostic, and evolutionary complication particularities, and to find potential predictive factors of resistance of ulcer stenosis of the bulb to the pump inhibitors Proton through a recent series. This is a retrospective and descriptive study involving 105 patients, treated for ulcer stenosis of the bulb between January 2007 and December 2012. All our patients had received inhibitors of Proton pump, parenterally for 7 days. They were divided into 2 groups according to their response to treatment: the first group (G1) was sensitive and the second (G2) was resistant. All patients of the G2 were operated. We had compared the two groups. There was no statistically significant difference concerning age, sex, blood group and smoking between the two groups. In univariate study, the age of the epigastralgies was greater than or equal to 9 years; the clapotage fasting, dilation and gastric atony, objectified by the oesogastroduodenal transit were significantly associated with the failure of medical treatment. Only gastric atony and seniority of the disease over 9 years were independent risk factors of resistance to the Proton pump inhibitors in multivariate study.

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Mabrouk, M. , Trabelsi, A. , Ksiaa, M. , Farhat, W. , Jmaa, A. and Ali, A. (2015) Predictive Factors of Surgery in Peptic Stenosis of the Bulb. Open Journal of Gastroenterology, 5, 129-133. doi: 10.4236/ojgas.2015.59021.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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