Facies Analysis, Depositional Environment of the Lower Permian Deposits of Chili Formation in Kalmard Block, Eastern Central Iran (Darin Section)


Early Permian deposits in north of Kalmard region recognize with formal group of Khan; they have various features in the different place. This group includes four different formations from lower to the upper part: Chili, Sartakht and Hermez. These formations consist of carbonate rocks. Chili Formation has 104 m, thickness in Darin section and consists of limestone with intermediates of shale and marland sandstone. Lower boundary of this formation is disconformable with Gachal formation. The upper boundary is separated by unconformity from the upper part Sartakht formation according to the lithological characters and microscopic studies, cause identifications of beach, intertidal, open and semi-restricted lagoon, shoals and bar and open marine sub-environ- ments for the Chili Formation. Vertical changes of microfacies and depth changes curve show much more thickness of shoals and bar microfacies, and little thickness of open and semi-re- stricted lagoon and open marine microfacies. Deposits of Chili Formation in Darin section deposited in the gentle gradient Homoclinal ramp in the south of Paleotethys Ocean. Two depositional sequences have been identified in this formation, based on recognized Fusulinid, show age of Sakmarian, which has adaptation with Lower Absaroka III.

Share and Cite:

Shahraki, J. , Javdan, M. , Hashemi, S. , Jami, M. , Nastooh, M. and Kalvandi, S. (2015) Facies Analysis, Depositional Environment of the Lower Permian Deposits of Chili Formation in Kalmard Block, Eastern Central Iran (Darin Section). Open Journal of Geology, 5, 539-551. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2015.58049.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Adachi, N., Ezaki, Y. and Liu, J. (2004) The Origin of Peloids Immediately after the End Permian Extinction, Guizhou Province, South China. Sedimentary Geology, 146, 161-178.
[2] Aghanabati, A. (1983) Major Structural Zone Sedimentary Iran. Geological and Country Mineral Exploration Organization, Iran, 606.
[3] Aghanabati, A. (1977) Etudgeologique de la region de Kalmard (W. Tabas). Geological Survey of Iran. Iran, 51-63.
[4] Tucker, M.E. (2001) Sedimentary Petrology. 3rd Edition, Blackwell, Oxford, 260 p.
[5] Lee, H.S. and Chough, S.K. (2006) Lithostratigraphy and Depositional Environments of the Pyeongan Super Group (Carboniferous-Permian) in the Taebaek Area Mid-East Korea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 26, 339-352. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2005.05.003
[6] Miall, A.D. (2000) Principle of Sedimentary Basin Analysis. Springer-Verlag, New York, 668 p.
[7] Miall, A.D. (2006) The Geology of Fluvial Deposists: Sedimentary Facies, Analysis and Petroleum Geology. Spring-Verlag, New York, 582.
[8] Therrien, F. (2006) Depositional Environments and Alluvial System Changes in the Dinosaur-Bearing Sanpetru Formation (Late Cretaceous, Romania): Post-Orogenic Sedimentation in an Active Extensional Basin. Sedimentary Geology, 192, 183-205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2006.04.002
[9] Strand, K. (2005) Sequence Stratigraphy of the Silisiclastic East Puolanka Group, the Palaeoproterozoic Kainuu Belt, Finland. Sedimentary Geology, 176, 149-166.
[10] Pettijohn, F.J., Siever, R. and Potter, P.E. (1987) Sand and Sandstone. 2nd Edition, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 553 pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-1066-5
[11] Wilson, J.L. (1975) Carbonate Facies in Geologic History. Springer, New York, 471 p.
[12] Khalifa, M.A., Soliman, H.E. and Wanas, H.A. (2006) The Cambrian Araba Formation in Northeastern Egypt: Facies and Depositional Environments. Journal of Asian Sciences, 27, 873-884.
[13] Sahraeyan, M., Bahrami, M. and Arzaghi, S. (2013) Facies Analysis and Depositional Environments of the Oligocene-Miocene Asmari Formation, Zagros Basin, Iran. Geoscience Frontiers, 5, 103-112.
[14] Mahboubi, A., Moussavi-Harami, R. and Lasemi, Y. (2001) Sequence Stratigraphy and Sea Level History of the Upper Paleocene Strata in the Kopet-Dagh Basin, Northeastern Iran. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 85, 839-859.
[15] Shinn, A. (1983) Tidal Flat Environment. In: Schlle, P.A., Debout, D.G. and Moore, C.H., Eds., Carbonate Depositional Environment: AAPG Memoir, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, 173-210.
[16] Briand, C., Izart, A., Vaslet, D., Vachard, D., Makhlina, M., Goreva, N., Isakova, T., Kossovaya, O. and Jaroshenko, A. (1998) Stratigraphy and Sequence Stratigraphy of Moscovian, Kasimovian and Gzhelian in the Moscow Basin. Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, 169, 35-52.
[17] Flügel, E. (2010) Microfacies of Carbonate Rocks, Analysis, Interpretation and Application. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 996 p.
[18] Ali, Y.A. and West, I. (1983) Relationships of Modern Gypsum Nodules in Sabkhas of Loess to Compositions of Brines and Sediments in North Egypt. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 52, 1151-1168.
[19] Butler, G.P., Harris, P.M. and Kendall, C.G.S.C. (1982) Recent Evaporites from the Abu Dhabi Coastal Flats. In: Handford, C.R., Loucks, R.G. and Davies, G.R., Eds., Deposition and Diagenetic Spectra of Evaporites—A Core Workshop, SEPM Core Workshop No. 3, 33-64.
[20] Kendall, C.G. and Warren, J.K. (1989) Peritidal Evaporates and Their Sedimentary Assemblage. In: Schreiber, B.C., Ed., Evaporates and Hydrocarbons, Columbia University Press, New York, 66-138.
[21] Fridman, G. (1995) The Arid Peritidal Complex of Abu Dhabi: A Historical Perspective. Carbonates and Evaporites, 10, 2-7.
[22] Ghosh, A.K. and Sarkar, S. (2013) Facies Analysis and Paleoenvironment Interpretation of Piacenzian Carbonate Deposits from the Guitar Formation of Car Nicobar Island, India. Geosience Frontiers, 4, 755-764. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2013.01.010
[23] Basso, D., Nalin, R. and Nelson, C.S. (2009) Shallow-Water Sporolithonrhodoliths from North Island (New Zealand). Palaios, 24, 92-103.
[24] Boudagher-Fadel, M.K. and Lokier, S.W. (2005) Significant Miocene Larger Foraminifera from South Central Java. Revue de Paléobiologie, 24, 291-309.
[25] Nebelsick, J.H., Rasser, D. and Lwmpp, J. (2012) Tracking Paleoenvironmental Changes in Coralline Algal-Dominated Carbonates of the Lower Oligocene Calcareniti di Castelgomberto Formation (Monti Berici, Italy). Facies, 59, 133-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10347-012-0349-6
[26] Brandano, M., Frezza, V., Tomassetti, L. and Pedley, M. (2010) Facies Analysis and Paleoenvironmental Interpretation of the Late Oligocene Attard Member (Lower Coralline Limstone Formation), Malta. Sedimentalogy, 56, 1138-1158.
[27] Vaziri-Moghadam, H., Kimiagari, M. and Taheri, A. (2006) Depositional Environment and Sequence Stratigraphy of the Oligo-Miocene Asmari Formation in SW Iran. Facies, 52, 41-51.
[28] Sepkoski Jr., J.J., Bambach, R.K. and Dorser, M.L. (1991) Secular Changes in Phanerozoic Event Bedding and the Biological Overprint. In: Einsele, G., Rieken, W. and Scilacher, A., Eds., Cycles and Event in Stratigraphy, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 298-312.
[29] Wetzel, A. (1991) Ecologic Interpretation of Deep Sea Trace Fossil Communities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 85, 47-69.
[30] Bromley, R.G. (1990) Trace Fossils: Biology and Taphonomy. Unwin Hyman Ltd, London, 280 p.
[31] Amirshahkarami, M., Vaziri-Moghaddam, H. and Taheri, A. (2007) Sedimentary Facies and Sequence Stratigraphy of the Asmari Formation at Chaman-Bolbol, Zagros Basin, Iran. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 29, 947-959. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2006.06.008
[32] Lasemi, Y. (1995) Platform Carbonates of the Upper Jurassic Mozduran Formation in the Kopet Dagh Basin, NE Iran—Facies, Palaeoenvironments and Sequences. Sedimentary Geology, 99, 151-164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0037-0738(95)00041-6
[33] Burchette, T.P. (1993) Mashrif Formation (Cenomanian-Turonian), Southern Persian Gulf: Carbonate Platform Growth along a Cratonic Basin Margin. In: Simo, J.A.T., Scott, R.W. and Masse, J.-P., Eds., Cretaceous Carbonate Platforms, AAPG Memoir, No. 56, 185-200.
[34] Read, J.F. (1985) Carbonate Platform Facies Models. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 69, 1-21.
[35] Bachmann, M. and Hirisch, F. (2006) Lower Cretaceous Carbonate Platform of the Eastern Levant (Galilee and the Golan Heights): Stratigraphy and Second-Order Sea-Level Change. Cretaceous Research, 27, 487-512. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2005.09.003
[36] Lasemi, Y. (1998) Sedimentary Environment of Iran Ordovician Stones (Same Sequences of Sedimetray, Environment of Rift Formation) and the Formation of Divergent Margins of Paleo-Tethyhs. Seventeen Meeting of Earth Sciences, Geological and Country Mineral Exploration Organization, 158-160.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.