Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Ti6Al4V and TaN against TiN Deposited Steel Surface


The objective of this research is to study the dry sliding wear behaviour of metal surfaces and influences of their surface hardness. The improved hardness of the TiN deposited surface was about 1763 Hv. The worn surface Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) morphology exhibits the surface damage due to varying wear test parameters. The Electron Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) reveals that the material transfer between the counter parts and the wear mechanism has been involved. The minimum specific wear rate of TiN surface was 0.0018 mg/Nm and 0.0026 mg/Nm against Ti6Al4V alloy and TaN respectively.

Share and Cite:

Perumal, A. and Saravanan, I. (2015) Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Ti6Al4V and TaN against TiN Deposited Steel Surface. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 3, 202-207. doi: 10.4236/msce.2015.37027.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Lemberger, M., Thiemann, S., Baunemann, A., Parala, H., Fischer, R.A., Hinz, J., Bauer, A.J. and Ryssel, H. (2007) MOCVD of Tantalum Nitride Thin Films from TBTEMT Single Source Precursor as Metal Electrodes in CMOS Applications. Surface and Coatings Technology, 201, 9154-9158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2007.04.074
[2] Zhao, E.J., Hong, B., Meng, J. and Wu, Z.J. (2009) First Principles Investigation on the Ultra Incompressible and Hard TaN. Journal of Computational Chemistry, 30, 2358-2363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcc.21234
[3] Tsukimoto, S., Moriyama, M. and Murakami, M. (2004) Microstructure of Amorphous Tantalum Nitride Thin Films. Thin Solid Films, 460, 222-226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2004.01.073
[4] Kim, S.K. and Cha, B.C. (2005) Deposition of Tantalum Nitride Thin Films by DC Magnetron Sputtering. Thin Solid Films, 475, 202-207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2004.08.059
[5] Pilloud, D., Dehlinger, A.S., Pierson, J.F., Roman, A. and Pichon L. (2003) Reactively Sputtered Zirconium Nitride Coatings: Structural, Mechanical, Optical and Electrical Characteristics. Surface and Coatings Technology, 174, 338- 344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0257-8972(03)00613-3
[6] Berg, G., Friedrich, C., Broszeit, E. and Berger, C. (1996) Development of Chromium Nitride Coatings Substituting Titanium Nitride. Surface and Coatings Technology, 86, 184-191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0257-8972(96)03042-3
[7] Vinod, S. (2014) Comprehensive Hard Materials. 1. Newnes.
[8] Lee, H.-K., Lee, H.-Y. and Jeon, J.-M. (2007) Codeposition of Micro- and Nano-Sized SiC Particles in the Nickel Matrix Composite Coatings Obtained by Electroplating. Surface and Coatings Technology, 201, 4711-4717. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2006.10.004
[9] Yazdani, A., Soltanieh, M., Aghajani, H. and Rastegari, S. (2011) A New Method for Deposition of Nano Sized Titanium Nitride on Steels. Vacuum, 86, 131-139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vacuum.2011.04.020
[10] Ali, M., Hamzah, E., Qazi, I. and Toff, M.R.M. (2010) Effect of Cathodic Arc PVD Parameters on Roughness of TiN Coating on Steel Substrate. Cur App Phy, 10, 471-474. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cap.2009.07.007
[11] Vettivel, S.C., Selvakumar, N. and Leema, N. (2013) Experimental and Prediction of Sintered Cu-W Composite by Using Artificial Neural Networks. Mater. Des., 45, 323-335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.08.056
[12] Chang, C.-L., Chen, J.-H., Tsai, P.-C., Ho, W.-Y. and Wang, D.-Y. (2008) Synthesis and Characterization of Nano- Composite Ti-Si-N Hard Coating by Filtered Cathodic Arc Deposition. Surf Coat Technol, 203, 619-623. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2008.04.096
[13] Dinesh Kumar, D., Kumar, N., Kalaiselvam, S., Dash, S. and Jayavel, R. (2015) Micro-Tribo-Mechanical Properties of Nano Crystalline TiN Thin Films for Small Scale Device Applications. Tribology International, 88, 25-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2015.02.031
[14] Mikulal, P., Vrana, M., Saroun, J., Em, V., Seong, B.S. and Woo, W. (2012) Double Bent Crystal Dispersive Arrangement for High Resolution Diffractometry. J Phy: Conf Ser, 340, 12-14.
[15] Baradeswaran, A., Elayaperumal, A. and Franklin Issac, R. (2013) A Statistical Analysis of Optimization of Wear Behaviour of Al-Al2O3 Composites Using Taguchi Technique. Procedia Engineering, 64, 973-982. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.09.174
[16] Baradeswaran, A., Vettivel, S.C., Elaya Perumal, A., Selvakumar, N. and Franklin Issac, R. (2014) Experimental Investigation on Mechanical Behaviour, Modelling and Optimization of Wear Parameters of B4C and Graphite Reinforced Aluminium Hybrid Composites. Materials & Design, 63, 620-632. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2014.06.054
[17] Saravanan, I., Elaya Perumal, A., Vettivel, S.C., Selvakumar, N. and Baradeswaran, A. (2015) Optimizing Wear Behavior of TiN Coated SS 316L against Ti Alloy Using Response Surface Methodology. Materials and Design, 67, 469- 482. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2014.10.051

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.