Share This Article:

Wear Resistance and Indentation Behavior of Equiatomic Superelastic TiNi and 60NiTi

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1931KB) PP. 694-706
DOI: 10.4236/msa.2015.67071    2,762 Downloads   3,295 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Indentation and reciprocating wear tests are carried out to study dent and wear resistance of superelastic Ti-Ni alloys. The effect of loading rate on the superelastic behavior of TiNi under indentation loading is investigated and compared to a new generation of shape memory alloys, i.e., 60NiTi. Only limited amount of work has been done to investigate the dependency of superelasticity on loading rate of TiNi under localized compressive loads, but much work is directed towards understanding the effect of strain rate on tensile properties. Understanding the superelastic behavior helps to employ superelastic alloys in applications where high impact loading is expected as in bearings and gears. In the present study, it is found that dent resistance of Ti-Ni alloy is not significantly affected by loading rate (within the employed loading conditions). It has also been found that new-generation 60NiTi alloy exhibits superior wear and dent resistance, as well as higher hardness compared to equiatomic TiNi.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Neupane, R. and Farhat, Z. (2015) Wear Resistance and Indentation Behavior of Equiatomic Superelastic TiNi and 60NiTi. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 694-706. doi: 10.4236/msa.2015.67071.

References

[1] Otsuka, K. and Ren, X. (2005) Physical Metallurgy of Ti-Ni Based Shape Memory Alloys. Progress in Materials Science, 50, 511-678.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmatsci.2004.10.001
[2] Lagoudas, D., Ed. (2008) Shape Memory Alloys Modeling and Engineering Applications. Springer, New York.
[3] Neupane, R. and Farhat, Z. (2013) Wear and Dent Resistance of Superelastic TiNi Alloy. Wear, 301, 682-687.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2012.11.017
[4] Li, D. (2000) Development of Novel Wear-Resistant Materials: TiNi-Based Pseudoelastic Tribomaterials. Materials & Design, 21, 551-555.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0261-3069(00)00015-7
[5] Li, D. (1998) A New Type of Wear-Resistant Material: Pseudo-Elastic TiNi Alloy. Wear, 221, 116-123.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(98)00269-5
[6] Neupane, R. and Farhat, Z. (2014) Wear Mechanisms of Nitinol under Reciprocating Sliding Contact. Wear, 315, 25-30.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2014.02.018
[7] DellaCorte, C., Pepper, S., Noebe, R., Hull, D. and Glennon G. (2009) Intermetallic Nickel-Titanium Alloys for Oil-Lubricated Bearing Applications. Power Transmission Engineering, 8, 26-35.
[8] Julien, G. (2005) Nitinol Ball Bearing Element and Process for Making. US Patent No. 6886986 B1.
[9] Julien, G. (2006) Shape Memory Parts of 60 Nitinol. US Patent No. 7005018 B2.
[10] Farhat, Z., Jarjoura, G., and Shahirnia, M. (2013) Dent Resistance and Effect of Indentation Loading Rate on Superelastic TiNi Alloy. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 44, 3544-3551.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-013-1727-6
[11] Farhat, Z. and Zhang, C. (2010) The Role of Reversible Martensite Transformation in the Wear Process of TiNi Shape Memory Alloy. Tribology Transactions, 53, 917-926.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10402004.2010.510620
[12] Li, D. and Liu, R. (1999) The Mechanism Responsible for High Wear Resistance of Pseudo-Elastic TiNi Alloy—A Novel Tribo-Material. Wear, 225-229, 777-783.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0043-1648(98)00388-3
[13] Lin, H., He, J., Chen, K., Liao, H. and Lin, K. (1997) Wear Characteristics of TiNi Shape Memory Alloys. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 28, 1871-1877.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-997-0117-3
[14] Archard, J.F. (1953) Contact and Rubbing of Flat Surfaces. Journal of Applied Physics, 24, 981-988.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1721448
[15] DellaCorte, C., Moore III, L.E. and Clifton, J.S. (2013) The Effect of Pre-Stressing on the Static Indentation Load Capacity of the Superelastic 60NiTi. NASA TM 2013-216479.
[16] Canter, N. (2014) Corrosion-Proof Nickel Titanium Bearings. Tribology & Lubrication Technology, 70, 10-11.
[17] Wang, Z., Lei, H., Zhou, B., Wang, Y. and Zhang, C. (2011) Influence of Strain Rate on Mechanical Properties of Shape Memory Alloy. Key Engineering Materials, 467-469, 585-588.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.467-469.585
[18] Liu, Y., Li, Y. and Ramesh, K.T. (2002) Rate Dependence of Deformation Mechanisms in a Shape Memory Alloy. Philosophical Magazine A, 82, 2461-2473.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01418610208240046
[19] Vitiello, A., Giorleo, G. and Morace, R.E. (2005) Analysis of Thermomechanical Behaviour of Nitinol Wires with High Strain Rates. Smart Materials and Structures, 14, 215.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0964-1726/14/1/021
[20] Lim, T.J. and McDowell, D.L. (1999) Mechanical Behavior of an Ni-Ti Shape Memory Alloy under Axial-Torsional Proportional and Nonproportional Loading. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 121, 9-18.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.2816007
[21] Lin, P., Tobushi, H., Tanaka, K., Hattori, T. and Makita, M. (1994) Pseudoelastic Behaviour of TiNi Shape Memory Alloy Subjected to Strain Variations. Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 5, 694-701.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1045389X9400500514
[22] Tobushi, H., Yoshirou, S., Takashi, H. and Kikuaki, T. (1998) Influence of Strain Rate on Superelastic Properties of TiNi Shape Memory Alloy. Mechanics of Materials, 30, 141-150.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-6636(98)00041-6
[23] Dayananda, G.N. and Rao, M.S. (2008) Effect of Strain Rate on Properties of Superelastic NiTi Thin Wires. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 486, 96-103.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2007.09.006
[24] Saletti, D., Pattofatto, S. and Zhao, H. (2010) Evolution of the Martensitic Transformation in Shape Memory Alloys under High Strain Rates. EPJ Web of Conferences, 14th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, 6, Article No. 29008.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/20100629008
[25] Shahirnia, M., Farhat, Z. and Jarjoura, G. (2011) Effects of Temperature and Loading Rate on the Deformation Characteristics of Superelastic TiNi Shape Memory Alloys under Localized Compressive Loads. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 530, 628-632.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2011.10.034
[26] Amini, A., He, Y. and Sun, Q. (2011) Loading rate Dependency of Maximum Nanoindentation Depth in Nano-Grained NiTi Shape Memory Alloy. Materials Letters, 65, 464-466.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2010.10.026
[27] Oliver, W. and Pharr, G. (1992) An Improved Technique for Determining Hardness and Elastic Modulus Using Load and Displacement Sensing Indentation Experiments. Journal of Materials Research, 7, 1564-1583.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/JMR.1992.1564
[28] ASTM Standard G133-05 (2010) Standard Test Method for Linearly Reciprocating Ball-on-Flat Sliding Wear. ASTM International, West Conshohocken.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/G0133-05R10
[29] Otsuka, K. and Shimizu, K. (1986) Pseudoelasticity and Shape Memory Effects in Alloys. International Metals Reviews, 31, 93-114.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/imtr.1986.31.1.93
[30] Larsen-Basse, J. (1992) Introduction to Friction. In: Blau, P., Ed., ASM Handbook, Vol. 18: Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology, ASM International, Materials Park, 27-38.
[31] Ashby, M.F. (2005) Materials Selection in Mechanical Design. Butterworth-Heinemann, Amsterdam.
[32] Sen, S. and Sen, U. (2009) The Effect of Boronizing and Boro-Chromizing on Tribological Performance of AISI 52100 Bearing Steels. Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, 61, 146-153.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00368790910953668

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.