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Effect of Cosolvent in a Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction Using Organoclay in Triphase Catalytic System

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DOI: 10.4236/mrc.2015.43010    3,742 Downloads   4,254 Views  

ABSTRACT

A remarkable rate enhancement technique has been devised for a typical nucleophilic displacement reaction by using triphase catalytic materials based on tetraoctylammonium exchange forms of hectorite clay. Pseudo-first order rate constants (kobs) for the conversion of 1-bromobutane to the corresponding chloride under triphase conditions using the clay catalyst in the presence of various polar cosolvents have been observed. The results here have shown that the addition of a cosolvent increases the catalytic activity of the triphase system by several fold. In addition, the results have demonstrated that each cosolvent has a unique concentration for achieving an optimum reaction rate.

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Shabestary, N. , Chapple, C. , Rensing, D. , Doan, T. , Khazaeli, S. , Sabo, M. and Beach, A. (2015) Effect of Cosolvent in a Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction Using Organoclay in Triphase Catalytic System. Modern Research in Catalysis, 4, 78-85. doi: 10.4236/mrc.2015.43010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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