Quali-Quantitative Analysis of Brazilian Environmental Licensing of Hydropower Plants


The use of the extraordinary hydroelectric potential of the Amazon Basin originated an increase in the offer of renewable energy in Brazil, which, in its turn, leads to conflicts and a lack of consensus among different players owing to the potential negative impacts related to the construction and operation of large hydroelectric power plants in relatively well preserved areas. In this context, environmental licensing is one of the national environmental policy’s main instruments for making decisions regarding the use of the hydroelectric potential, especially the rivers of the Amazon Basin. Nevertheless, this significant instrument has its limitations and requires adjustments in order to better aid the decision making process regarding the use of water resources and land with the goal of increasing the offer of electric energy.

Share and Cite:

de Britto, F. , de Azevedo, J. , de Melo França, C. , Wanick, R. , de Deus, L. and de Freitas, M. (2015) Quali-Quantitative Analysis of Brazilian Environmental Licensing of Hydropower Plants. International Journal of Geosciences, 6, 692-704. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2015.67056.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Eletrobras (2015) Sistema Brasileiro de Informa??es do Potencial Hidrelétrico (SIPOT).
[2] Bechberger, M. and Reiche, D. (2004) Renewable Energy Policy in Germany: Pioneering and Exemplary Regulations. Energy for Sustainable Development, 8, 47-57.
[3] Georgopoulou, E., Sarafidis, Y. and Diakoulaki, D. (1998) Design and Implementation of a Group DSS for Sustaining Renewable Energies Exploitation. European Journal of Operational Research, 109, 483-500. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0377-2217(98)00072-1
[4] Resch, G., Held, A., Faber, T., Panzer, C., Toro, F. and Haas, R. (2008) Potentials and Prospects for Renewable Energies at Global Scale. Energy Policy, 36, 4048-4056.
[5] Pereira, M.G., Freitas, M.A.V. and da Silva, N.F. (2011) The Challenge of Energy Poverty: Brazilian Case Study. Energy Policy, 39, 167-175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2010.09.025
[6] Brasil (2007) Ministério de Minas e Energia. Plano Nacional de Energia 2030/Ministério de Minas e Energia; colabora??o Empresa de Pesquisa Energética. Brasília, 324 p.
[7] World Commission on Dams (2000) Dams and Development: A New Framework for Decision-Making. The Report of the World Commission on Dams, Earthscan Publications Ltd., London and Sterling.
[8] Heinma, K. and P?der, T. (2010) Effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment System in Estonia. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 30, 272-277. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2009.10.001
[9] Che, X.Z., English, A., Lu, J. and Chen, Y.Q.D. (2011) Improving the Effectiveness of Planning EIA (PEIA) in China: Integrating Planning and Assessment during the Preparation of Shenzhen’s Master Urban Plan. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 31, 561-571. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2010.12.003
[10] Nykvist, B. and Nilsson, M. (2009) Are Impact Assessment Procedures Actually Promoting Sustainable Development? Institutional Perspectives on Barriers and Opportunities Found in the Swedish Committee System. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 29, 15-24.
[11] P?l?nen, I., Hokkanen, P. and Jalava, K. (2011) The Effectiveness of the Finnish EIA System—What Works, What Doesn’t, and What Could Be Improved? Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 31, 120-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2010.06.003
[12] Samarakoon, M. and Rowan, J.S. (2008) A Critical Review of Environmental Impact Statements in Sri Lanka with Particular Reference to Ecological Impact Assessment. Environmental Management, 41, 441-460.
[13] Villarroya, A. and Puig, J. (2011) Ecological Compensation and Environmental Impact Assessment in Spain. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 30, 357-362.
[14] Paliwal, R. (2006) EIA Practice in India and Its Evaluation Using SWOT Analysis. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 26, 492-510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2006.01.004
[15] World Bank (2008) Licenciamento Ambiental de Empreendimentos Hidrelétricos no Brasil: Uma contribui??o para o debate (3 volumes) Volume I: Relatório Síntese. World Bank Country Office in Brazil. Economic and Sectoral Study. Latin America and Caribbean.
[16] International Energy Agency (2012) Key World Energy Statistics. Paris, 82 p.
[17] Brasil (2011) Ministério de Minas e Energia, Empresa de Pesquisa Energética. Plano Decenal de Expans?o de Energia 2020. Brasília, DF.
[18] Faria, I.D. (2011) Ambiente e Energia: Cren?a e Ciência no Licenciamento Ambiental; Parte III: Sobre alguns dos problemas que dificultam o licenciamento ambiental no Brasil. Núcleo de estudos e pesquisas do senado. Brasília, 33 p.
[19] Lima, L.H. and Magrini, A. (2010) The Brazilian Audit Tribunal’s Role in Improving the Federal Environmental Licensing Process. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 30, 108-115.
[20] TCU, Tribunal de Contas da Uni?o (2008) Relatório de Auditoria de Natureza Operacional sobre o licenciamento ambiental Federal (TC 022.564/2007-9).
[21] Brasil (2011) Controladoria Geral Da Uni?o. Relatório Anual de Auditoria Anual de Contas, IBAMA Exercício 2011. Brasília, DF, 122 p.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.