Creation of a Non-Expanding, Non-Singular Universe

DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2015.68113   PDF   HTML   XML   4,112 Downloads   4,964 Views   Citations


A theory of gravitation in flat space-time is applied to homogeneous, isotropic cosmological models. There are non-singular cosmological models. A natural interpretation is a non-expanding universe. The redshift is an intrinsic effect and not a Doppler effect. The universe contains only energy in the beginning, i.e. no matter exists. In the course of time matter and radiation are created from energy where the whole energy is conserved. Matter increases with time but a certain time after the beginning of the universe the creation of matter is finished and the universe appears like a static one. A modified Hubble law is considered which may explain the high redshifts of objects in the universe without the assumption of dark energy.

Share and Cite:

Petry, W. (2015) Creation of a Non-Expanding, Non-Singular Universe. Journal of Modern Physics, 6, 1085-1094. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2015.68113.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Petry, W. (1981) General Relativity and Gravitation, 13, 865-872.
[2] Petry, W. (2014) A Theory of Gravitation in Flat Space-Time. Science Publishing Group.
[3] Lerner, L.J. (2005) arXiv: astro-phys. 0509611.
[4] Lerner, L.J., Faloma, R. and Scarpa, R. (2014) International Journal of Modern Physics, D23, Article ID: 1450058.
[5] Watts, A. (2014) “Settled Science” Paper Claims the Universe Is Static, Not Expanding.
[6] Soares, D.S.L. (2006) arXiv: physics/0605098.
[7] Afonso-Faus, A. (2010) arXiv: 1004.2251.
[8] Alfonso-Faus, A. (2012) arXiv: 1207.0997.
[9] Petry, W. (2007) arXiv: 0705.4359.
[10] Hartnett, J.G. (2011) arXiv: 1107.2485.
[11] Petry, W. (1990) General Relativity and Gravitation, 22, 1045-1065.
[12] Petry, W. (1997) Astrophysics and Space Science, 254, 305-317.
[13] Petry, W. (2011) arXiv: 1102.1063.
[14] Petry, W. (2013) Journal of Modern Physics, 4, 20-25.
[15] Petry, W. (1996) Astrophysics and Space Science, 235, 41-57.
[16] Petry, W. (2014) Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 2, 50.
[17] Petry, W. (2013) Physics Essays, 26, 315.
[18] Arp, H.C. (1988) Quasars, Redshifts and Controversies. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.