Evaluation of a Metabolic Cotton Seedling Emergence Model

DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.611172   PDF   HTML   XML   3,331 Downloads   3,785 Views   Citations

Abstract

A model for cotton seedling emergence (MaGi) based on malate synthase kinetics was evaluated. Cotton seeds were planted through the early spring and into typical planting times for the areas. Soil temperatures at seed depth were used as inputs into MaGi and a commonly used seedling emergence model based on heat unit accumulation (DD60). Time to 50% emergence was calculated and compared with predicted emergence using MaGi and DD60. MaGi yielded predictive capability without the need to resort to lengthy experimentation required by traditional methods. The results suggest that a physiological or semi-empirical approach incorporating both enzyme kinetics and whole plant temperature responses would be useful for rapidly constructing seedling emergence models.

Share and Cite:

Gitz III, D. , Baker, J. and Mahan, J. (2015) Evaluation of a Metabolic Cotton Seedling Emergence Model. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 1727-1733. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.611172.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Soltani, A., Robertson, M.J., Torabi, B., Yousefi-Daz, M. and Sarparast, R. (2006) Modeling Seedling Emergence in Chickpea as Influenced by Temperature and Sowing Depth. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 138, 156-167.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.04.004
[2] Schutte, B.J., Regnier, E.E., Harrison, S.K., Schmoll, J.T., Spokas, K. and Forcella, F. (2008) A Hydrothermal Seedling Emergence Model for Giant Ragweed (Ambrosia trifida). Weed Science, 56, 555-560.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1614/WS-07-161.1
[3] Gardarin, A., Dürr, C. and Colbach, N. (2009) Which Model Species for Weed Seedbank and Emergence Studies? A Review. Weed Research, 49, 117-130.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2008.00683.x
[4] Forcella, F., Benech Arnold, R.L., Sanchez, R. and Ghersa, C.M. (2000) Modeling Seedling Emergence. Field Crops Research, 67, 123-139.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(00)00088-5
[5] Rinaldi, M., Di Paolo, E., Richter, G.M. and Payne, R.W. (2005) Modeling the Effect of Soil Moisture on Germination and Emergence of Wheat and Sugar Beet with the Minimum Number of Parameters. Annals of Applied Biology, 147, 69-80.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.2005.00018.x
[6] Mahan, J.R. and Gitz, D.C. (2007) A Dynamic Model of Cotton Emergence Based on the Thermal Dependence of Malate Synthase. Agronomy Journal, 99, 668-674.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2006.0044n
[7] Mahan, J.R. (1994) Thermal Dependence of Glutathione Reductase; Thermal Limitations on Antioxidant Protection in Plants. Crop Science, 34, 1550-1556.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1994.0011183X003400060025x
[8] Mahan, J.R. (2000) Thermal Dependence of Malate Synthase Activity and Its Relationship to the Thermal Dependence of Seedling Emergence. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry, 48, 4544-4549.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf9902752
[9] Boman, R. and Lemon, R. (2005) Soil Temperatures for Cotton Planting. Texas Cooperative Extension Bulletin SCS-2005-17.
http://cotton.tamu.edu/General%20Production/scs-2005-17%20Soil%20Temp.pdf
[10] Reicosky, D.C., Winkelman, L.J., Baker, J.M. and Baker, D.G. (1989) Accuracy of Hourly Air Temperatures Calculated from Daily Minima and Maxima. Agricultural and Forest Meterology, 46, 193-209.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0168-1923(89)90064-6
[11] Hake, S.J., Hake, K.D. and Kerby, T.A. (1996) Planting and Stand Development. In: Hake, S.J., Kerby, T.A. and Hake, K.D., Eds., Cotton Production Manual, University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 21-28.
[12] McMaster, G.S. and Wilhelm, W.W. (1997) Growing Degree-Days: One Equation, Two Interpretations. Agricultural and Forest Meterology, 87, 291-300.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1923(97)00027-0
[13] Arndt, C.H. (1945) Temperature-Growth Relations of the Roots and Hypocotyls of Cotton Seedlings. Plant Physiology, 20, 200-220.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.20.2.200
[14] Wanjura, D.F. and Buxton, D.R. (1972) Water Uptake and Radicle Emergence of Cottonseed as Affected by Soil Moisture and Temperature. Agronomy Journal, 64, 427-431.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1972.00021962006400040005x
[15] Garcia-Huidobro, J., Monteith, J. and Squire, G. (1982) Time, Temperature and Germination of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum typhoides S. & H.): I. Constant Temperature. Journal of Experimental Botany, 33, 288-296.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/33.2.288
[16] Mahan, J.R., Gitz, D.C., Payton, P.R. and Allen, R. (2009) Overexpression of Glutathione Reductase in Cotton Does Not Alter Emergence Rates under Temperature Stress. Crop Science, 49, 272-280.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2008.02.0085

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.