Enhancement in the Electrical and Thermal Properties of Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) Co-Polymer by Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles


EVA/ZnO nanocomposites of 1%, 2% and 4% ZnO were fabricated by direct probe sonicator method. The ZnO nanopowders were prepared by solvothermal method. As the particle size of the filler incorporated to the polymer matrix decreases, the properties of the polymer-filler interface show dominance over its bulk properties. The dielectric constant and dielectric loss of the composites at ambient temperatures are found to decrease with increasing frequency. The thermal analysis using TGA-DTA is also performed and it is found that the thermal stability of the nanocomposites increases with increasing the filler concentrations. The thermal parameters such as thermal diffusivity (α) and thermal effusivity (e), the thermal conductivity (k) and heat capacity (Cp) were studied using photopyroelectric technique. The band gap of the samples was also determined and found to decrease with increasing filler concentrations. The tensile strength and peel strength of the samples were also investigated and it is found to increase with small inclusion of filler material.

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Sebastian, J. , Thachil, E. , Mathen, J. , Madhavan, J. , Thomas, P. , Philip, J. , Jayalakshmy, M. , Mahmud, S. and Joseph, G. (2015) Enhancement in the Electrical and Thermal Properties of Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) Co-Polymer by Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles. Open Journal of Composite Materials, 5, 79-91. doi: 10.4236/ojcm.2015.53011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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