Noncarious Cervical Lesions: Correlation between Abfraction and Wear Facets in Permanent Dentition

Abstract

Non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) are defined as the loss of dental hard tissue at the cement-enamel junction. Erosion, abrasion, and attrition have been associated with this disorder. Objective: Recently, occlusal stress causing of cervical enamel cracks (abfraction) has been considered as an additional etiology for NCCLs to facilitate the erosion and abrasion mechanisms in tooth wear. Study Design: The prevalence of NNCLs and wear facets in a population with permanent dentition in absence of any clear etiological factors related to erosion and abrasion causes is evaluated. A total 295 subjects are enrolled for this study and divided into four age groups (subjects aged 15 - 27 years, 28 - 42 years, 43 - 57 years and 58 - 75 years respectively). An overall of 6629 teeth are investigated to find NCCLs and wear facets. The occlusion is analyzed in each patient. Results: An overall of 801 teeth (12%) show NCCLs and 623 of them (78%) highlight also wear facets. The higher number of teeth with NCCLs and of these with simultaneous presence also of wear facets are found on teeth of patients of group-3 (11% of all teeth examined for group and 81% respectively) and to group-4 (24.4% of all teeth examined for group and 86.5% respectively) of remaining teeth without NCCLs (5828) only 138 (2.4%) shown wear facets. Conclusion: The results of this study held the occlusal forces as the main cause of NCCLs on teeth in presence of wear facets.

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Femiano, F. , Femiano, R. , Femiano, L. , Festa, V. , Rullo, R. and Perillo, L. (2015) Noncarious Cervical Lesions: Correlation between Abfraction and Wear Facets in Permanent Dentition. Open Journal of Stomatology, 5, 152-157. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2015.56021.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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