Energy Consumption and Fault Tolerance in the MAC Protocols for WSN


Wireless sensor networks are currently experiencing widespread enthusiasm in the field of research, mainly because of the great benefits they promise in terms of flexibility, cost, range and robustness. In addition, such networks find use in a wide variety of applications, for example in collecting remote data, type of climate monitoring, seismic activity, or in other areas such as home automation and medical. Unfortunately, their disadvantages are up to their promises. Indeed, the sensor nodes are subjected to high energy consumption constraints due to their compact size as well as the deployment environment. Frequent replacement of batteries is excluded in a field that can be difficult to access. Therefore, the main challenge remains as a result of miniaturization and reduces power consumption to maximize network lifetime. The objective of this work is to make a thorough study of the energy consumption in wireless sensor networks. The study points are addressed at the media access protocol or MAC protocol.

Share and Cite:

Azizi, R. (2015) Energy Consumption and Fault Tolerance in the MAC Protocols for WSN. Journal of Computer and Communications, 3, 118-130. doi: 10.4236/jcc.2015.36012.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Fleury, E., Chelius, G. and Cute, T. (2003) Minimization of Energy in Sensor Networks. CITI Laborato-ry/INSA Lyon, Villeurbanne.
[2] Holger, K. and Willig, A. (2003) A Short Survey of Wireless Sensor Networks. Telecommunication Net-works Group, Technical University Berlin, Berlin.
[3] Lwakabamba, B. (2004) Performance Analysis Experiments for the Wireless Sensor Networks Inte-grated into the C6 Virtual Reality Environment. Iowa State University, Ames.
[4] Pujolle, G. (2005) Networks Editions 2005. Eyrolles.
[5] Demirkol, I., Ersoy, C. and Alagöz, F. (2003) MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey. Communications Magazine, 44, 44.
[6] Ryan Burchfield, T., Venkatesan, S. and Weiner, D. (2007) Maximizing Throughput in ZigBee Wireless Networks through Analysis, Simulations and Implementations. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Localized Algorithms and Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks Santa Fe, New Mexico, 18-20 June 2007, Localgos 2007, CTI Press, Athens, 15-29.
[7] Van Dam, T. and Langendoen, K. (2003) An Adaptive Energy Efficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. Faculty of Information Technology and Systems, Delft University of Technology, Delft.
[8] Akyildiz, I., Su, W., Sankarsubramaniam, Y. and Cayirci, E. (2002) A Survey on Sensor Networks. IEEE Communications Magazine, 40, 102-114.
[9] Van Dam, J.M. (2003) An Adaptive Energy-Efficient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. Master Thesis, Delft University of Technology, Delft.
[10] Heidemann, J., Ye, W. and Estrin, D. (2002) An Energy Efficient-MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. Proceedings of 21st Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, 3, 1567-1576.
[11] Ye, W. and Heidmann, J. (2003) Medium Access Control in Wireless Sensor Networks. USC/ISI Technical Report ISI-TR-580.
[12] Culler, D., Estrin, D. and Srivastava, M. (2004) Overview of Sensor Networks. IEEE Computer Society, Washington DC.
[13] Decotignie, J.D., El-Hoiydi, A., Enz, C. and Le Roux, E. (2003) WiseMAC, an Ultra Low WiseNET Protocol for the Wireless Sensor Network. ACM SenSys’03, Los Angeles.
[14] El-Hoiydi, A. and Decotignie, J.D. (2004) WiseMAC: An Ultra Low Power MAC Protocol for the Downlink of Infrastructure Wireless Sensor Networks. 9th International Symposium on Computers and Communications, 1, 244-251.
[15] Rajendran, V., Obraczka, K. and Garcia, J.J. (2003) Energy-Efficient, Collision-Free Medium Access Control for Wireless Sensor Networks. ACM SenSys’03, Los Angele, 5-7 November 2003, 12 p.
[16] Van Hoesel, L.F.W. and Havinga, P.J.M. (2004) A Lightweight Medium Access Protocol (LMAC) for Wireless Sensor Networks: Reducing Preamble Transmissions and State Transceiver Switches. INSS, Japan.
[17] Zheng, J. and Myung L. (2004) Will Make Ubiquitous IEEE 802.15.4 Networking Is Reality? IEEE Communications Magazine, 42, 140-146.
[18] Azizi, R. (2015) Comparative Study of Transport Protocols in WSN. International Journal of Computer Applications, 113, 1-9.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.