Pedestrian Flow Simulation Validation and Verification Techniques

DOI: 10.4236/cus.2015.32011   PDF   HTML   XML   3,145 Downloads   3,722 Views   Citations


For the verification and validation of microscopic simulation models of pedestrian flow, we have performed experiments for different kind of facilities and sites where most conflicts and congestion happens e.g. corridors, narrow passages, and crosswalks. The validity of the model should compare the experimental conditions and simulation results with video recording carried out in the same condition like in real life e.g. pedestrian flux and density distributions. The strategy in this technique is to achieve a certain amount of accuracy required in the simulation model. This method is good at detecting the critical points in the pedestrians walking areas. For the calibration of suitable models we use the results obtained from analysing the video recordings in Hajj 2009 and these results can be used to check the design sections of pedestrian facilities and exits. As practical examples, we present the simulation of pilgrim streams on the Jamarat bridge (see Figure 5). The objectives of this study are twofold: first, to show through verification and validation that simulation tools can be used to reproduce realistic scenarios, and second, gather data for accurate predictions for designers and decision makers.

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Dridi, M. (2015) Pedestrian Flow Simulation Validation and Verification Techniques. Current Urban Studies, 3, 119-134. doi: 10.4236/cus.2015.32011.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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