Effect of Boron Soil Application on Nutrients Efficiency in Tobacco Leaf

DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.69139   PDF   HTML   XML   3,677 Downloads   4,781 Views   Citations

Abstract

The present study was based on the general hypothesis that boron may affect the accumulation and utilization of other nutrients in plant. For this purpose a field experiment was carried out to find out the influence of boron on the different nutrients content in FCV tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) at TRS Khan Garhi, Mardan, during 2010-2011. Two varieties TM-2008 and Speight G-28 were tested and six levels of boron (0, 0.5, 1, 2, 3 and 5 kg·ha-1) were applied in the form of boric acid, in randomized complete block design in split plot arrangement and replicated thrice. Results indicated that the yield of tobacco crop increased with 1 kg·B·ha-1 and then decreased sequence wise in both varieties. N and P concentrations were significantly affected by applied boron. Similarly, potassium was increased which is a good indication for a better quality of tobacco crop. Application of boron significantly increased the concentrations of boron nutrients ratios such as K/B; Cl/B and Mn/Fe were decreased while K/Cl and Zn/Cu ratios were increased at lower boron concentrations but decreased at higher concentrations of boron. The fertilizer use efficiency of both the cultivars showed similar trend; however, Speight G-28 was more efficient than TM-2008 in boron accumulation. The overall results revealed that the application of boron should be encouraged for balancing nutrients concentration, thus getting higher yield in the prevailing conditions.

Share and Cite:

Ali, F. , Ali, A. , Gul, H. , Sharif, M. , Sadiq, A. , Ahmed, A. , Ullah, A. , Mahar, A. and Kalhoro, S. (2015) Effect of Boron Soil Application on Nutrients Efficiency in Tobacco Leaf. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 1391-1400. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.69139.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Sillanpaa, M. (1982) Micronutrients and the Nutrient Status of Soils: A Global Study. FAO Soil Bulletin No. 48, Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome.
[2] Shorrocks, V.M. (1997) The Occurrence and Correction of Boron Deficiency. Plant and Soil, 193, 121-148.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1004216126069
[3] Rashid, A. and Ryan. J. (2004) Micronutrient Constraints to Crop Production in Soils with Mediterranean Type Characteristics: A Review. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 27, 959-975.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/PLN-120037530
[4] Rashid, A. (2006) Boron Deficiency in Soils and Crops of Pakistan: Diagnosis and Management. PARC, Islamabad, Pakistan.
[5] Imtiaz, M., Rashid, A., Khan, P., Memon, M.Y. and Aslam, M. (2010) The Role of Micronutrients in Crop Production and Human Health. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42, 2565-2578.
[6] Marschner, H. (1995) Functions of Mineral Nutrients: Micronutrients. In: Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, 2nd Edition, Academic Press, London, 313-404.
[7] Koshiba, T., Kobayashi, M. and Matoh, T. (2009) Boron Nutrition of Tobacco BY-2 Cells V. Oxidative Damage Is the Major Cause of Cell Death Induced by Boron Deprivation. Plant & Cell Physiology, 50, 26-36.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcn184
[8] Dell, B. and Huang, L. (1997) Physiological Response of Plants to Low Boron. Plant and Soil, 193, 103-120.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1004264009230
[9] Mahler, R.L. (2010) Boron in Idaho. Agricultural Experiment Station.
http://www.cals.uidaho.edu/edcomm/pdf/CIS/CIS1085.pdf
[10] Belvins, D.G. and Lukaszewski, K.M. (1998) Boron in Plant Structure and Function. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 49, 481-500.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.49.1.481
[11] Santra, G.H., Das, D.K. and Mandal, B.K. (1989) Relationship of Boron with Iron, Manganese, Copper and Zinc with Respect to Their Availability in Rice Soil. Environment and Ecology, 7, 874-877.
[12] Alvarez-Tinaut, M.C., Leal, A., Agui, I. and Recalde-Martinez, L. (1979) Physiological Effects of B-Mn Interaction in Tomato Plants. III. The Uptake and Translocation of Microelements. Analse de Edafologia y Agrobiologia, 38, 1013-1029.
[13] Dave, I.C. and Kannan, S. (1981) Influence of Boron Deficiency on Micronutrients Absorption by Phaseolus vulgaris and Protein Contents in Cotyledons. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 3, 27-32.
[14] Gomez-Rodriguez, M.V., Gomez-Ortega, M. and Alvarez-Tinaut, M.C. (1981) Boron, Copper, Iron, Manganese and Zinc Contents in Leaves of Flowering Sunflower Plants (Helianthus annuus L.) Grown with Different Boron Supplies. Plant and Soil, 62, 461-464.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02374142
[15] Tariq, M. and Mott, C.J.B. (2006) Effect of Boron Supply on the Uptake of Micronutrients by Radish (Raphanus sativus L.). Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 1, 1-8.
[16] Ali, F., Tariq, M., Ali, A., Shah, S.N.M., Ahmed, A. and Arifullah (2014) Effect of Different Rates of Boron on the Yield, Quality and Micronutrients Content of Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.). International Journal of Farming and Allied Sciences, 3, 1165-1173.
[17] Poustini, G. and Shamel, R. (2000) Physiological and Agronomic Response of Two Burley Tobacco Cultivars to Nitrogen Fertilizer. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 31, 363-369.
[18] Dell, P.J. (1991) The Dictionary of Modern Medicine. Penguin Books, New York.
[19] Tariq, M., Akbar, A., Lataf-ul-Haq and Khan, A. (2010) Comparing Application Methods for Boron Fertilizer on the Yield and Quality of Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 41, 1525-1537.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2010.485234
[20] Rashid, A. (1996) Secondary and Micronutrients. In: Bashir, E. and Bantel, R., Eds., Soil Science, National Book Foundation, Islamabad, 341-386.
[21] Mozafar, A. (1989) Boron Effect on Mineral Nutrients of Maize. Agronomy Journal, 81, 285-290.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1989.00021962008100020029x
[22] Tariq, M., Kakar, K.M. and Shah, Z. (2005) Effect of Boron-Zinc Interaction on the Yield, Yield Attributes and Availability of Each to Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Grown on Calcareous Soils. Soil & Environment, 24, 103-108.
[23] Isaac, R.A. and Kerber, J.D. (1971) Atomic Absorption and Flame Photometery: Techniques and Uses in Soil, Plant and Water Analysis. In: Walsh, L.M., Ed., Instrumental Methods for Analysis of Soil and Plant Tissue, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, USA.
[24] Bingham, F.T. (1982) Boron. In: Page, A.L., Miller, M.H. and Keeny, D.R., Eds., Methods of Soil Analysis Part-2 Chemical and Mineralogical Properties, American Society o Agronomy, Madison, 431-448.
[25] Bremner, J.M. and Mulvaney, C.S. (1982) Nitrogen—Total. In: Page, A.L., Ed., Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 595-624.
[26] Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H. and Dicke, D.A. (1997) Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, New York.
[27] Bhatti, A.U. (1997) Irrigated Soils of NWFP. An Article Final Report of WAMA project “Waste Management in NWFP”, Department of Water Management, NWFP Agricultural University and Wageningen Agricultural University, 96-111.
[28] Soltanpour, P.N. (1985) Use of Ammonium Bicarbonate DTPA Soil Test to Evaluate Elemental Availability and Toxicity. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 16, 323-338.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103628509367607
[29] Ahmed, M., Abid, F., Ahmad, M., Aaman Ullah, M., Javaid, Q. and Ali, M.A. (2011) Impact of Boron Fertilization on Dry Matter Production and Mineral Constitution of Irrigated Cotton. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43, 2903-2910.
[30] Ruiz, J.M., Baghour, M., Bretones, G., Belakbir, A. and Romero, L. (1998) Nitrogen Metabolism in Tobacco Plants (Nicotiana tabacum L.): Role of Boron as a Possible Regulatory Factor. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 159, 121-126.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/297529
[31] Shafiq, M. and Maqsood, T. (2010) Response of Rice to Model Based Applied Boron Fertilizer. Journal of Agricultural Research, 48, 303-314.
[32] Hellal, F.A., Taalab, A.S. and Safaa, A.M. (2009) Influence of Nitrogen and Boron Nutrition on Nutrient Balance and Sugar Beet Yield Grown in Calcareous Soil. Ozean Journal of Applied Science, 2, 1-10.
[33] Leece, H.R. (1978) Effects of Boron on the Physiological Activity of Zinc in Maize. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 29, 739-749.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AR9780739
[34] Lopez-Lefebre, L.R., Rivero, R.M., Garcia, P.C., Sanchez, E., Ruiz, J.M. and Romero, L. (2002) Boron Effect on Mineral Nutrients of Tobacco. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 25, 509-522.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/PLN-120003379
[35] Singh, K.P. and Sinha, H. (1976) Effect of Boron Application on K, Ca and Mg Concentrations and Their Ratios with Boron in Plants. Journal of the Institution of Chemists, 43, 189-191.
[36] Carpena-Artes, O. and Carpena-Ruiz, R.O. (1987) Effect of Boron in Tomato Plant: Leaf Evaluations. Agrochemica, 31, 391-400.
[37] Lee, S.K.D. (2000) Hot Pepper Response to Interactive Effects of Salinity and Boron. Plant Soil Environment, 52, 227-233.
[38] Ben-Gal, A. and Shani, U. (2002) Yield, Transpiration, and Growth of Tomatoes under Excess Boron and Salinity Stress. Plant and Soil, 247, 211-221.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1021556808595
[39] Hashmi, E.A., Khan, F.M., Qazi, M.Z., Woras, G. and Shah, S.A. (1990) Evaluation of Sun-Cured Varieties of Nicotiana rustica L. for Certain Agronomic and Chemical Characteristics at Mardan. Pakistan Tobacco, 1, 5-9.
[40] Alvarez-Tinaut, M.C., Leal, A. and Recalde-Martinez, L. (1980) Iron-Manganese Interaction and Its Relation to Boron Levels in Tomato Plants. Plant and Soil, 55, 377-388.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02182698
[41] Crawswell, E.T. (1987) The Efficiency of Urea Fertilizer under Different Environmental Conditions. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Urea Technology and Utilization (FADINAP), Kuala Lumpur, 16-18 March 1987.
[42] Roberts, T.L. (2008) Improving Nutrient Use Efficiency. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 32, 177-182.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.