Dual Band David Fractal Microstrip Patch Antenna for GSM and WiMAX Applications


The design and development of a proximity fed dualband microstrip patch antenna based on David fractal geometry are presented. David fractal microstrip antenna offers good performance in the 1.754 - 1.816 GHz and 3.37 - 3.415 GHz bands and is suitable for GSM 1800, WiMAX applications. The use of David fractal geometry offers miniaturization of the antenna structure. The proposed first iteration fractal configuration is fabricated and measured results along with simulation results are presented. Good radiation patterns and moderate gain are also obtained.

Share and Cite:

Abraham, J. and Mathew, T. (2015) Dual Band David Fractal Microstrip Patch Antenna for GSM and WiMAX Applications. Wireless Engineering and Technology, 6, 33-40. doi: 10.4236/wet.2015.62004.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Lee, K.F. (2012) Microstrippatch Antennas—Basic Characteristics and Some Recent Advantages. Proceedings of the IEEE, 100, 2169-2180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2012.2183829
[2] Desclos, L., Mahe, Y., Reed, S., Poilasne, G. and Toutain, S. (2001) Patch Antenna Size Reduction by Combining Inductive Loading and Short Point Techniques. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 30, 385-386. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mop.1322
[3] Wang, H.Y. and Lancaster, M.J. (1999) Aperture Coupled Thin Film Superconducting Meander Antennas. IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, 47, 829-836. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/8.774137
[4] Kan, H.K. and Waterhouse, R.B. (1999) Size Reduction Technique for Shorted Patches. Electronic Letters, 35, 948-949. http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/el:19990703
[5] Zhao, G., Zhang, F.S., Song, Y., Weng, Z.B. and Jiao, Y.C. (2007) Compact Ring Monopole Antenna with Double Meander Line for 2.4/5 GHz Dual Band Operation. Progress in Electromagnetic Research, 72, 187-194. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIER07031405
[6] Zhong, J.W., Edwards, R.M., Ma, L. and Sun, X.W. (2013) Multiband Slot Antennas for Metal Back Cover Mobile Hand Set. Progress in Electromagnetic Research Letters, 39, 115-126. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIERL13021901
[7] Liu, Z.Y., Yin, Y.Z., Zheng, S.F., Hu, W., Wen, L.H. and Zou, Q. (2010) A Compact CPW-Fed Monopole Antenna with a U-Shaped Strip and a Pair of L-Slits Ground for WLAN and WiMAX Applications. Progress in Electromagnetics Research Letters, 16, 11-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIERL10052706
[8] Lai, Z.H., Yuan, J.D., Yang, X.J., Ye, Z.F. and Chen, W.Q. (2014) Multiband Probe Fed Stacked Patch Antenna for GNSS Applications. Progress in Electromagnetic Research Letters, 49, 131-135. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIERL14092803
[9] Karim, M.N.A., Rahim, M.K.A., Majid, H.A., Ayop, O., Abu, M. and Zubir, F. (2010) Log Periodic Fractal Koch Antenna for UHF Band Applications. Progress in Electromagnetic Research, 100, 201-218. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIER09110512
[10] Li, D.T. and Mao, J.F. (2013) Multiband Multimode Arched Bow Shaped Fractal Helix Antenna. Progress in Electromagnetic Research, 141, 47-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIER13050903
[11] Mahatthanajatuphat, C., Saleekaw, S. and Akkaraekthalin, P. (2009) A Rhombic Patch Monopole Antenna with Modified Minkowski Fractal Geometry for UMTS, WLAN and Mobile WiMAX Applications. Progress in Electromagnetic Research, 89, 57-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIER08111907
[12] Li, D. and Mao, J.-F. (2012) Sierpinskized Koch-Like Sided Multifractal Dipole Antenna. Progress in Electromagnetic Research, 130, 207-224. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIER12060108
[13] Jagadeesha, S., Vani, R.M. and Hunagund, P.V. (2012) Plus Shape Slotted Fractal Antenna for Wireless Applications. Wireless Engineering and Technology, 3, 175-180. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/wet.2012.33025
[14] Kushwaha, N. and Kumar, R. (2013) Design of Slotted Ground Hexagonal Microstrip Patch Antenna and Gain Improvement with FSS Screen. Progress in Electromagnetic Research B, 51, 177-199. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIERB13031604
[15] Khan, O.M., Islam, Z.U., Farooq, I.R., Bhatti, A. and Islam, Q.U. (2013) Novel Miniaturized Koch Pentagonal Fractal Antenna for Multiband Wireless Applications. Progress in Electromagnetic Research, 141, 693-710. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIER13060904
[16] Dorastkar, M.A., Islam, M.T. and Azim, R. (2013) Design of a Novel Super Wide Band Circular Hexagonal Fractal Antenna. Progress in Electromagnetic Research, 139, 229-245. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIER13030505
[17] Azari, A. and Rowhani, J. (2008) Ultra Wide Band Fractal Microstrip Antenna Design. Progress in Electromagnetic Research C, 2, 7-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIERC08031005
[18] Joseph, S., Paul, B., Mridula, S. and Mohanan, P. (2013) A Novel Planar Fractal Antenna with CPW Feed for Multiband Applications. Radio Engineering, 22, 1262-1266.
[19] Verma, S. and Kumar, P. (2014) Compact Triple Band Antenna for WiMAX and WLAN Applications. Electronic Letters, 50, 484-486. http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/el.2013.4313
[20] Liu, H.W., Ku, C.H. and Yang, C.F. (2010) Novel CPW-Fed Planar Monopole Antenna for WiMAX/WLAN Applications. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 9, 240-243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2010.2044860
[21] Armin, B. and Shlomo, H. (1994) Fractals in Science. Springer Verlag, Berlin.
[22] Tiwari, H. and Kartikeyan, M.V. (2010) A Stacked Microstrip Patch Antenna with Fractal Shaped Defects. Progress in Electromagnetic Research C, 14, 185-195. http://dx.doi.org/10.2528/PIERC10052903
[23] Mandelbrot, B.B. (1983) The Fractal Geometry of Nature. W.H. Freeman, New York.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.