Why Did Sudanese End Stage Renal Failure Patients Refuse Renal Transplantation?
Amin S. Banaga1*, Elaf B. Mohammed2, Rania M. Siddig2, Diana E. Salama2, Sara B. Elbashir2, Mohamed O. Khojali2, Rasha A. Babiker3, Khalifa Elmusharaf4, Mamoun M. Homeida5
1Department of Medicine & Nephrology, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Academy Charity Teaching Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan.
2Clinical Research Assistants, Department of Nephrology, Academy Charity Teaching Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan.
3Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences & Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
4Department of Epidemiology & Public Health Medicine, Royal College of Surgeon in Ireland (RCSI), Dublin, Ireland.
5Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences & Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
DOI: 10.4236/ojneph.2015.52005   PDF   HTML   XML   4,560 Downloads   6,011 Views   Citations


Renal transplantation remains the most effective treatment of End Stage Renal Failure (ESRF). In this cross sectional study we explore the reasons behind refusal of renal transplantation among adults’ Sudanese haemodialysis patients. The subjects of the study are ESRF adults’ patients on regular haemodialysis treatment in 15 haemdoialysis centres in Khartoum/Sudan. All patients who are on regular haemodialysis were interviewed by questionnaire to explore the reasons of refusal of renal transplantation. A total of 1583 ESRF adults’ patients on regular haemodialysis have been participated in the study, 381 (24.1%) patients refused kidney transplantation. The mean age of patients refusing kidney transplantation was (58.5 + 15.1 years); 77.4% of them were ≥50 years old, 59.2% were males and 88.1% were unemployed, patients older than 50 years old and unemployed are tend to refuse renal transplantation (P < 0.001). The main reason of refusal was that the patients refuse to accept kidney from living donors (34.8%). 17.6% of patients decline kidney transplantation because of financial reason, 18.1% of patients refused to do transplantation because of fear of transplant surgery, 15.7% of patients believe that kidney transplantation is against their religious values, 11.9% of patients refused transplantation because they don’t have enough knowledge on renal transplantation, only 0.5% of patients refuse transplantation because of side effect of immunosuppressive drugs. In conclusion, in this study we found that elderly and unemployed ESRF patients tend to refuse renal transplantation, the most important reason behind refusal of renal transplantation is refusal of accepting kidney donation from living related donors. This reflects the need for development of cadaveric donors program in the Sudan. ESRF patients need education and counseling on renal transplantation.

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Banaga, A. , Mohammed, E. , Siddig, R. , Salama, D. , Elbashir, S. , Khojali, M. , Babiker, R. , Elmusharaf, K. and Homeida, M. (2015) Why Did Sudanese End Stage Renal Failure Patients Refuse Renal Transplantation?. Open Journal of Nephrology, 5, 35-39. doi: 10.4236/ojneph.2015.52005.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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