Share This Article:

Remote Sensing of Selected Winter and Spring Host Plants of Tarnished Plant Bug (Heteroptera: Miridae) and Herbicide Use Strategies as a Management Tactic

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:434KB) PP. 1313-1327
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.68131    3,961 Downloads   4,608 Views  

ABSTRACT

Remote sensing was used in a series of experiments over a three-year period to obtain spectral reflectance data for studying differences in vegetation indices between grasses, broadleaf plants, and grass/broadleaf plant mixtures. Selected non-crop winter and spring host plants of tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris, were planted in field-plot experiments. Multispectral reflectance data were aerially acquired with both a Real-Time Digital Airborne Camera System (RDACS) sensor and Geospatial Systems (Duncan Tech) MS-2100 multispectral camera. The following six vegetation indices of spectral reflectance were evaluated in this study: normalized difference vegetation index, ratio vegetation index, green normalized difference vegetation index, green vegetation index, green ratio vegetation index, and Ashburn vegetation index. Vegetation indices calculated with imagery data for the grasses and broadleaves differed significantly; there appeared to be more discriminating differences between vegetation indices for grasses and broadleaf plants when the indices were based on a combination of green and near infrared or green and red spectral bands than when the indices were based on red and near infrared spectral bands. Insect data from these studies confirm that tarnished plant bug prefers broadleaf host plants, but can use Italian ryegrass for food and reproduction. The narrow temporal window of host suitability for Italian ryegrass may limit its significance. Herbicide destruction of broadleaf host plants in early spring prevented the tarnished plant bug population increases that occurred in untreated plots. Findings of this study would be useful in site-specific vegetation management decisions in programs such as the prototypical area-wide tarnished plant bug management experiment conducted in the Delta region of Mississippi.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Sudbrink, D. , Thomson, S. , Fletcher, R. , Harris, F. , English, P. and Robbins, J. (2015) Remote Sensing of Selected Winter and Spring Host Plants of Tarnished Plant Bug (Heteroptera: Miridae) and Herbicide Use Strategies as a Management Tactic. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 1313-1327. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.68131.

References

[1] Layton, M.B. (2000) Biology and Damage of the Tarnished Plant Bug, Lygus lineolaris, in Cotton. Southwestern Entomologist, 23, 7-20.
[2] Snodgrass, G.L. (1994) Pyrethroid Resistance in a Field Population of the Tarnished Plant Bug in Cotton in the Mississippi Delta. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, San Diego, 5-8 January 1994, 1186-1187.
[3] Snodgrass, G.L. and Elzen, G.W. (1995) Insecticide Resistance in a Tarnished Plant Bug Population in Cotton in the Mississippi Delta. Southwestern Entomologist, 20, 317-323.
[4] Snodgrass, G.L. (1996) Insecticide Resistance in Field Populations of the Tarnished Plant Bug (Heteroptera: Miridae) in Cotton in the Mississippi Delta. Journal of Economic Entomology, 89, 783-790.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jee/89.4.783
[5] Harris, F.A. and Smith, J.W. (2001) Boll weevil Eradication in Mississippi. In: Dickerson, W.A., Brashear, A.L., Brumley, J.T., Carter, F.L., Grefenstette, W.J. and Harris, F.A., Eds., Boll Weevil Eradication in the United States through 1999, Reference Book Series No. 6, The Cotton Foundation, Memphis, 305-344.
[6] McKinion, J.M., Jenkins, J.N., Willers, J.L. and Zumanis, A. (2009) Spatially Variable Insecticide Applications for Early Season Control of Cotton Insect Pests. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 67, 71-79.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2009.03.004
[7] Snodgrass, G.L., Scott, W., Robbins, J.T. and Hardee, D.D. (2003) Suppression of Tarnished Plant Bugs in Cotton by Treatment of Early Season Wild Host Plants with Herbicides in Nine-Square-Mile Areas of the Mississippi Delta. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, Nashville, 6-10 January 2003, 933-935.
[8] Young, O.P. (1986) Host Plants of the Tarnished Plant Bug, Lygus lineolaris, (Hemiptera: Miridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 79, 747-762.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aesa/79.4.747
[9] Fleischer, S.J. and Gaylor, M.J. (1987) Seasonal Abundance of Lygus lineolaris (Heteroptera: Miridae) and Selected Predators in Early Season Uncultivated Hosts: Implications for Managing Movement into Cotton. Environmental Entomology, 16, 379-389.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ee/16.2.379
[10] Penn State Extension (2014) Fact Sheet: Tarnished Plant Bug.
http://ento.psu.edu/extension/factsheets/tarnished-plant-bug
[11] Snodgrass, G.L., Scott, W. and Smith, J.W. (1984) Host Plants and Seasonal Distribution of the Tarnished Plant Bug in the Delta of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Environmental Entomology, 13, 110-116.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ee/13.1.110
[12] Snodgrass, G.L., Stadelbacher, E.A. and Smith, J.W. (1991) Distribution and Abundance of Early Season Wild Host Plants and Bollworm and Tobacco Budworm Populations (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in an Intensively Cropped Area of the Mid-Delta of Mississippi. Journal of Entomological Science, 26, 9-16.
[13] Weaver-Missick, T. (1999) Banishing Tarnished Plant Bugs from Cotton. Agricultural Research, 47, 12-14.
[14] Robbins, J.T., Snodgrass, G.L. and Harris, F.A. (2000) A Review of Wild Host Plants and Their Management for Control of the Tarnished Plant Bug in Cotton in the Southern US. Southwestern Entomologist, 23, 21-25.
[15] Snodgrass, G.L., Scott, W., Hardee, D. and Robbins, J.T. (2000) Results of a Two Year Study of Tarnished Plant Bug. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, San Antonio, 4-8 January 2000, 1229-1233.
[16] Snodgrass, G.L., Scott, W.P., Abel, C.A., Robbins, J.T., Gore, J. and Hardee, D.D. (2005) Tarnished Plant Bug (Heteroptera: Miridae) Populations near Fields after Early Season Herbicide Treatment. Environmental Entomology, 34, 705-711.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-34.3.705
[17] Leland, J.E. and Behle, R.W. (2003) Development of Mycoinsecticides for Controlling Tarnished Plant Bugs on Wild Host Plants. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, Nashville, 6-10 January 2003, 954-964.
[18] Villavaso, E.J. (2005) Effects of Irradiation on Reproduction in Tarnished Plant Bug (Heteroptera: Miridae) and F1 Progeny. Journal of Entomological Science, 40, 39-46.
[19] Thenkabail, P.S., Lyon, J.G. and Huete, A. (2012) Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Vegetation. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton.
[20] Allen, J.C., Kopp, D.D., Brewster, C.C. and Fleischer, S.J. (1999) 2011: An Agricultural Odyssey. American Entomologist, 45, 96-104.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ae/45.2.96
[21] Brewster, C.C., Allen, J.C. and Kopp, D.D. (1999) IPM from Space: Using Satellite Imagery to Construct Regional Crop Maps for Studying Crop—Insect Interaction. American Entomologist, 45, 105-117.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ae/45.2.105
[22] Jackson, R.D. and Huete, A.R. (1991) Interpreting Vegetation Indices. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 11, 185-200.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5877(05)80004-2
[23] Silleos, N.G., Alexandridis, T.K., Gitas, I.Z. and Perakis, K. (2006) Vegetation Indices: Advances Made in Biomass Estimation and Vegetation Monitoring in the Last 30 Years. Geocarto International, 21, 21-28.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10106040608542399
[24] Meyer, G.E. and Neto, J.C. (2008) Verification of Color Vegetation Indices for Automated Crop Imaging Applications. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 63, 282-293.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2008.03.009
[25] Willers, J.L., DuPont, J.K., Campanella, R., Seal, M.R., Hood, K.B., Williams, J. and Woodard, D. (2000) Employment of Spatially Variable Insecticide Applications for Tarnished Plant Bug Control in Cotton. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, San Antonio, 4-8 January 2000, 1133.
[26] DuPont, K., Campanella, R., Seal, M.R., Willers, J.L. and Hood, K.B. (2000) Spatially Variable Insecticide Applications through Remote Sensing. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, San Antonio, 4-8 January 2000, 426- 429.
[27] Sudbrink, D.L., Harris, F.A., Robbins, J.T. and English, P.J. (2001) Remote Sensing and Site Specific Management of Cotton Arthropods in the Mississippi Delta. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, Anaheim, 9-13 January 2001, 1220-1225.
[28] Sudbrink, D.L., Harris, F.A., Robbins, J.T. and English, P.J. (2002) Site Specific Management in Mississippi Delta Cotton: Experimental Field Studies and On-Farm Application. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, Atlanta, 8-12 January 2002, CD-ROM H060.
[29] Harris, F.A., English, P.J., Sudbrink, D.L., Nichols, S.P., Snipes, C.E., Hanks, J. and Wills, G. (2004) Remote-Sensing Measures of Cotton Maturity—Cutout and Boll Opening. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, San Antonio, 5-9 January 2004, 1869-1875.
[30] Sudbrink Jr., D.L., Harris, F.A., Robbins, J.T., Snodgrass, G.L. and Thomson, S.J. (2000) Remote Sensing of Late Season Pest Damage to Cotton and Wild Hosts of Tarnished Plant Bug in the Mississippi Delta. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, San Antonio, 4-8 January 2000, 1220-1223.
[31] Rouse, J.W., Haas, R.H., Schell, J.A. and Deering, D.W. (1973) Monitoring Vegetation Systems in the Great Plains with ERTS. Proceedings of the Third ERTS Symposium, Washington DC, 10-14 December 1973, 309-317.
[32] Birth, G.S. and McVey, G. (1968) Measuring the Color of Growing Turf with a Reflectance Spectroradiometer. Agronomy Journal, 60, 640-643.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1968.00021962006000060016x
[33] Gitelson, A.A., Kaufman, Y.J. and Merzlyak, M.N. (1996) Use of a Green Channel in Remote Sensing of Global Vegetation from EOS-MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment, 58, 289-298.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0034-4257(96)00072-7
[34] Jordan, C.F. (1969) Derivation of Leaf Area Index from Quality of Light on the Forest Floor. Ecology, 50, 663-666.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1936256
[35] Tucker, C.J. (1979) Red and Photographic Infrared Linear Combinations for Monitoring Vegetation. Remote Sensing of Environ, 8, 127-150.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0034-4257(79)90013-0
[36] Ashburn, P. (1978) The Vegetative Index Number and Crop Identification. Proceedings of Technical Sessions of the LACIE Symposium, Houston, 23-26 October 1978, 843-856.
[37] Barbour, M.G., Burk, J.H. and Pitts, W.D. (1987) Methods of Sampling the Plant Community. In: Barbour, M.G., Burk, J.H. and Pitts, W.D., Eds., Terrestrial Plant Ecology, 2nd Edition, Benjamin/Cummings Pub. Co., Menlo Park, 182-207.
[38] Jensen, J.R. (2000) Remote Sensing of the Environment. Prentice Hall, New York.
[39] Richardson, A.J., Menges, R.M. and Nixon, P.R. (1985) Distinguishing Weed from Crop Plants Using Video Remote Sensing. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 51, 1785-1790.
[40] Medlin, C.R., Shaw, D.R., Gerard, P.D. and LaMastus, F.E. (2000) Using Remote Sensing to Detect Weed Infestations in Glycine max. Weed Science, 48, 393-398.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1614/0043-1745(2000)048[0393:URSTDW]2.0.CO;2
[41] Bajwa, S.G. and Tian, L.F. (2001) Aerial CIR Remote Sensing for Weed Density Mapping in a Soybean Field. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 44, 1965-1974.
[42] Yoder, B.J. and Waring, R.H. (1994) The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index of Small Douglas-Fir Canopies with Varying Chlorophyll Concentrations. Remote Sensing of Environment, 48, 81-91.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0034-4257(94)90061-2
[43] Buschmann, C. and Nagel, E. (1993) In Vivo Spectroscopy and Internal Optics of Leaves as Basis for Remote Sensing of Vegetation. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 14, 711-722.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431169308904370
[44] Gitelson, A. and Merzlyak, M.N. (1994) Spectral Reflectance Changes Associated with Autumn Senescence of Aesculus hipppocastanum L. and Acer platanoides L. Leaves. Spectral Features and Relation to Chlorophyll Estimation. Journal of Plant Physiology, 143, 286-292.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(11)81633-0
[45] Gitelson, A. and Merzlyak, M.N. (1994) Quantitative Estimation of Chlorophyll-a Using Reflectance Spectra: Experiments with Autumn Chestnut and Maple Leaves. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, 13, 247-252.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/1011-1344(93)06963-4
[46] Vogelman, T.C., Rock, B.N. and Moss, D.M. (1993) Red Edge Spectral Measurements from Sugar Maple Leaves. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 14, 1563-1575.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431169308953986
[47] Abel, C.A. and Snodgrass, G.L. (2003) The Development of Tarnished Plant Bugs on Various Corn Tissue. Proceedings of the Beltwide Cotton Conferences, Nashville, 6-10 January 2003, 949-953.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.