Visual Loss after Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CABG) for Coronary Artery Disease: A Report of Case


We are reporting a 59-year-old male who presented with features of bilateral anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy after coronary artery bypass grafting. Postoperative vision loss after major nonocular surgery is a very rare but devastating complication since it has the potential to cause bilateral, severe and permanent loss of vision.

Share and Cite:

Simoglou, C. , Konstantinou, F. , Mikroulis, D. , Elefteriadis, S. and Bougioukas, G. (2015) Visual Loss after Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CABG) for Coronary Artery Disease: A Report of Case. World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, 5, 45-48. doi: 10.4236/wjcs.2015.55008.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Trethowan, B.A., Gilliland, H., Popov, A.F., Varadarajan, B., Phillips, S.-A., McWhirter, L. and Ghent, R. (2011) A Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature on Bilateral Retinal Infarction Following Cardiopulmonary Bypass for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 6, 154-155.
[2] Wernovsky, G., Mayer, J.E., Jonas, R.A., Hanley, F.L., Blackstone, E.H., Kirklin, J.W. and Castaneda, A.R. (1995) Factors Influencing Early and Late Outcome of the Arterial Switch Operation for Transposition of the Great Arteries. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 109, 289-302.
[3] Roth, S. and Roizen, M. (1996) Optic Nerve Injury: Role of the Anesthesiologist. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 82, 426-439.
[4] Guyton, A.C. and Hall, J.E. (2000) Textbook of Medical Physiology. WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 595-597.
[5] Lee, L.A., Roth, S., Posner, K.L., Cheney, F.W., Caplan, R.A. and Newman, N.J. (2006) The American Society of Anesthesiologists Postoperative Visual Loss Registry: Analysis of 93 Spine Surgery Cases with Postoperative Visual Loss. Anesthesiology, 105, 652-659.
[6] Moster, M.L. (1998) Visual Loss after Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. Survey of Ophthalmology, 42, 453-457.
[7] Kline, R.A. (1994) Beneficial Effects of Hemodilution on Cerebral Microcirculation. Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology, 6, 54-58.
[8] Barner, H.B. (2008) Operative Treatment of Coronary Atherosclerosis. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 85, 1473-1482.
[9] Mauri, L., Hsieh, W.H., Massaro, J.M., Ho, K.K., D’Agostino, R. and Cutlip, D.E. (2007) Stent Thrombosis in Randomized Clinical Trials of Drug-Eluting Stents. New England Journal of Medicine, 356, 1020-1029.

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.