Leadership Ideas—A Study with Prospective Nursing Leaders


Introduction: The study is based on P. Kostenbaums theory about leadership as greatness. His theory distinguishes four interdependent leadership “orientations”: ethics, vision, courage and reality. People with qualities have developed greatness and wisdom in their mind, as well as competence to act ethically. The leadership research has shaped a leadership figure that can be described as a picture of a hero. Aim: The aim of this paper is to find out the idea of leadership based on earlier research and analyse their relevancy for nursing-management. Method: The study is a qualitative study based on earlier studies with focus on the basic idea of leadership with relevancy for nursing management and leadership. Sex students, from a master degree program in Finland, collected data based on earlier research. Findings and Interpretation: The ideas of leadership consist of three basic ideas: leadership as greatness, leadership as interactions and relations, and leadership based on the idea of shared leadership. Discussion: The prospects for leading others are to master the balance between the degree of freedom and control, to build trust, and to provide directives and control until confidence. To lead without “meeting” makes that the employers never give desired results. The purposes of the ideas of leadership are to create trust, confidence and understanding of where the other person is located. Being seen and being confirmed is fundamental to pace an individual and create opportunities to lead within nursing care.

Share and Cite:

Frilund, M. (2015) Leadership Ideas—A Study with Prospective Nursing Leaders. Open Journal of Nursing, 5, 508-515. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2015.55054.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Ayman, R. and Korabik, K. (2010) Leadership: Why Gender and Culture Matter. The American Psychologist, 65, 157-170.
[2] Fagerström, L. and Salmela, S. (2010) Leading Change: A Challenge for Leaders in Nordic Health Care. Journal of Nursing Management, 18, 613-617.
[3] Salmela, S., Eriksson, K. and Fagerström, L. (2012) Leading Change: A Three-Dimensional Model of Nurse Leaders’ Main Tasks and Roles during a Change Process. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68, 423-433.
[4] Koestenbaum, P. (1994) Ledarskapsdiamanten. Studentlitteratur, Lund.
[5] Kostenbaum, P. and Block, P. (2001) Freedom and Accountability at Work.
[6] Yukl, G.A. (2006) Leadership in Organizations (6/E). Pearson Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.
[7] Amundsen, S.J. (2005) The Impact of Relational Norms on the Effectiveness of Health and Human Service Teams. The Health Care Manager, 24, 216-224.
[8] Frilund, M. (2013) En vårdvetenskaplig syntes mellan vårdandets ethos och vårdintensitet. Åbo Akademi, Vasa, 7-8.
[9] Avolio, B.J., Walumbwa, F.O. and Weber, T.J. (2009) Leadership: Current Theories, Research, and Future Directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 421-449.
[10] Pihl, E. (2010) Generation Y-obotliga egosister eller oslipade diamanter. Studentlitteratur, Lund.
[11] Vaahtio, E.-L. (2006) Avaa ikäluokat—Vapaudu johtamaan. Edita, Helsinki, 18.
[12] Covey, S.R. (2007) The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People Personal Workbook. Firesider, New York.
[13] Crevani, L., Lindgren, M. and Packendorff, J. (2007) Shared Leadership: A Post-Heroic Perspective on Leadership as a Collective Construction. International Journal of Leadership Studies, 3, 40-67.
[14] Frilund, M., Eriksson, K. and Fagerström, L. (2013) The Caregivers’ Possibilities of Providing Ethically Good Care for Older People—A Study on Caregivers’ Ethical Approach. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 28, 245-254.
[15] Crevani, L., Palm, K. and Scelling, A. (2011) Innovation Management in Service Firms: A Research Agenda. Service Business, 5, 177-193.
[16] Frilund, M., Fagerström, L., Eriksson, K. and Eklund, P. (2013) Assessment of Ethical Ideals and Ethical Manner in Care of Older People. Nursing Research and Practice, 2013, Article ID: 374132.
[17] Isola, A., Backman, K., Vuotilainen, P. and Rautsiala, T. (2008) Quality of Institutional Care of Older People as Evaluated by Nursing Staff. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, 2480-2489.
[18] Wilson, C.B. (2009) Developing Community in Care Homes through a Relationship-Centred Approach. Health & Social Care in the Community, 17, 177-186.
[19] Juthberg, C., Eriksson, S., Norberg, A. and Sundin, K. (2007) Perceptions of Conscience in Relation to Stress of Conscience. Nursing Ethics, 14, 329-343.
[20] Berggren, I., Begat, I. and Severinsson, E. (2002) Australian Clinical Nurse Supervisors’ Ethical Decision-Making Style. Nursing and Health Sciences, 4, 15-23.
[21] Plews-Ogan, M. and Owens, J. (2013) Choosing Wisdom: Strategies and Inspiration for Growing through Life-Changing Difficulties. Templeton Press, West Conshohocken.
[22] Randers, I. and Mattiasson, A.-C. (2004) Autonomy and Integrity: Upholding Older Adult Patients’ Dignity. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 45, 63-71.
[23] Proust, M. (1998) In Search of Lost Time, Vol. II: Within a Budding Grove. Modern Library Series, eBook.
[24] Sternberg, R. (1990) Wisdom: Its Nature, Origins, and Development. Press Syndicate of the University Cambrige.
[25] Ardel, M. (2005) Wisdom as Expert Knowledge System: A Critical Review of a Contemporary Operationalization of an Ancient Concept. Human Development, 47, 257-285.
[26] Weibler, J. and Rohn-Endres, S. (2011) Learning Conversation and Shared Network Leadership: Development, Gestalt, and Consequences. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 9, 181-194.
[27] Stone, G., Conley, C. and Luo, Y. (2014) Alternative Perspectives on Leadership: Integrating Transformational Leadership with Confucian Philosophy. Open Journal of Leadership, 3, 30-38.
[28] Gockel, C. and Werth, L. (2010) Measuring and Modeling Shared Leadership. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 9, 172-180.
[29] Tervo-Heikkinen, T., Kiviniemi, V., Partanen, P. and Vehviläinen-Julkunen, K. (2009) Nurse Staffing Levels and Nursing Outcomes: A Bayesian Analysis of Finnish-Registered Nurse Survey Data. Journal of Nursing Management, 17, 986-993.
[30] Gustafsson, G., Eriksson, S., Strandberg, G. and Norberg, A. (2010) Burnout and Perceptions of Conscience among Health Care Personnel: A Pilot Study. Nursing Ethics, 17, 23-38.
[31] Pauly, B., Varcoe, C., Storch, J. and Newton, L. (2009) Registered Nurses’ Perceptions of Moral Distress and Ethical Climate. Nursing Ethics, 16, 561-573.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.